Class Notes (806,587)
Canada (492,339)
Sociology (2,049)
SOCIOL 2S06 (310)
David Young (301)
Lecture 5

2S06 Lecture 5.docx

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McMaster University
David Young

Fox 1 Lecture 5 SOCIOL 2S06 Monday September 23, 2013 C) Factors Contributing to the End of Capitalism: o A revolution would end the capitalist mode of production (rise of the proletariat) 1) Growing Urbanization: o Rise of capitalism was closely tied with urbanization o Property less serfs who got thrown off the land went to the cities and found work (Feudal lords could no longer support them) o There is a concentration of urban workers (Living in the same poor neighbourhoods, same horrible living conditions) = gives rise to working class consciousness (a shared understanding of their circumstances and will eventually lead them to rise up and start a revolution) 2) Large Scale Production: o Thousands of workers in factories and working in close proximity in factories o Sharing the same exploitation and alienation and will further give rise to working class consciousness and desire for a revolution 3) Economic Crisis: o During recessions or depressions in the capitalist economy, that is going to further solidify the opposition of workers to the system o Capitalists will lay off workers in order to reduce costs o Causes great hardship for the workers 4) Class Polarization: o Existence of the petty bourgeoisie (middle class that stands between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, made up of independent owners and producers who may have to sell businesses to the bourgeoisie) o Marx argued that the petty bourgeoisie would disappear (would accumulate into the bourgeoisie if businesses grew or would sink into the proletariat if business failed)= conflict between these two main classes 5) Class Homogenization: o Capitalism generates class homogenization o Differences in skill levels among the working class = has to do with the fact that a number of them had craft skills (blacksmiths, potters, etc.,) o As capitalism develops, the working class skills diminish because of technological advances and mechanization of production (as a result the differences are reduced) Fox 2 Lecture 5 o Members of the working class become semi-skilled workers who operate machines becomes the same (homogenous) 6) Deepening Immiseration: o Economic impoverishment o Workers become aware that there is a growing gap between the material well- being and living standards of capitalists and workers (rich are getting richer, poor and getting poorer) A) The Role of the Working Class in the End of Capitalism o As a result of these factors above, Marx thought that the working class would shift from being a class in itself, to being a class for itself 1) Class in Itself: o An objective condition o Proletariats share a common class position b/c they are excluded from o
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