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2S06 Lecture 23.docx

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David Young

Fox 1 Lecture 23 SOCIOL 2S06 Monday January 06, 2013  Review: • The Frankfurt school and early neo Marxism (1st slide) • The theoretical ideas of Antonio Gramsci (2nd slide) rd • The theoretical ideas of the Frankfurt school (3 Slide) Evaluation of Early Neo-Marxism A) Strengths (of Gramsci [hegemity] and the Frankfurt [conflict theory] school) 1) Cultural Analysis: • In direct response to economic determinism by addressing cultural analysis • They saw the importance of analyzing culture and ideology in capitalist society • Gramsci: They Study culture and ideology through hegemony • Frankfurt school=through the culture industry • Cultural analysis: the subjective cultural and ideological superstructure • Economic analysis: the objective, material “base” 2) Dialectical Analysis (in response to economic determinism): • In direct response to economic determinism by addressing dialectical analysis • Look for conflicts, contradictions, and tensions for something new to emerge • When addressing ideology, Gramsci saw things dialectically: there is a dominant group and a series of subordinate groups=conflict between them was emphasized=> war of position • Frankfurt school saw things dialectically as well: rationality of the enlightenment clashed with the ideas and rationality of capitalist society 3) Contemporary Applications: • Ideas of Gramsci and Frankfurt school are very useful in understanding capitalist society: contemporary neomarxist are using Gramsci’s notions of hegemonity, war of maneuver and position • Frankfurt school came up with the culture industry that inseminate ideas In society: mass media, etc., is more important now than at the time they were writing, discuss contemporary aspects Fox 2 Lecture 23 B) Weaknesses (of Gramsci and the Frankfurt school) 1) Economic Analysis: • They both underplay economic analysis and are far more interested in cultural analysis, economic was apart of analysis but not a major part 2) Extreme Pessimism: • Only applies to the FrankFurt School: overly pessimistic • Members of FF school didn’t see a lot of potential for change to move beyond capitalist society because we are so manipulated by capitalist society and its ideology that a revolution to overcome capitalist is unlikely • Gramsci saw the potential of resistance and a war of maneuver and position (subordinate groups can win and change the ideas of society) Conflict, Power & Later Neo-Marxism  Introductory Issues & Historical Overview A) The Inaccessibility of Early Neo-Marxian Theory: • English language scholars did not have access to works for early neo Marxist for many years • EXAMPLE 1=Gramsci wrote his notebooks in the late 1920s and early 1930s, but Selections from the Prison Notebooks was not published until the early 1970s • EXAMPLE 2=Horkheimer and Adorno wrote The Dialectic of Enlightenment in the 1940s, but the book was not published in English until the early 1970s B) The Critique of Structural Functionalist Theory: • Dominate in sociology in the 1940s and 1950s • Work of the early neo M
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