Class Notes (837,548)
Canada (510,312)
Sociology (2,104)
SOCIOL 2S06 (332)
David Young (323)
Lecture 17

2S06 Lecture 17.docx
Premium

7 Pages
57 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 2S06
Professor
David Young
Semester
Winter

Description
Fox 1 Lecture 17 SOCIOL 2S06 Thursday November 14, 2013  The Frankfurt School and Early Neo-Marxism A. What is Neo-Marxism theory: it attempts to reinterpret, revise or update Marx’s theoretical ideas so the better explain development in capitalist society B. Approaches Within Early Neo-Marxian theory - He died in 1883 and Neo-Marxism began after - Covers the period through the 1890s-1940s - There were at least 3 different theoretical approaches developed over this period - Under the impression Marx was an economic determinism o They thought capitalism would breakdown or self-district based on problems in the economy 1. First approach was economic determinism - What is economic determinism? The assumption that the economic system shapes all other aspects of society: such as, political, ideological system o The economic determines the political and ideological a. The impact of economic determinism on neo-Marxism o Had a significant impact o It characterised from about 1889-1914 o Early neo-Marxism saw the breakdown of capitalism inevitable o The idea was that there was processes built right into the economic structure of capitalism  The processes would eventually lead to the end of capitalism  The economic aspects of capitalism would lead to its end o With the economic changes and breakdown of capitalism economy, there would be political, ideological changes b. Its problematic interpretation of Marx o Why Marx was NOT an economic determinist o Hegel o Focused on dialectic- contradictions in society and when things clash, something new forms o Idealism-ideas and culture o Feuerbach o Materialism- focused on economic aspect of society o Marx was influenced by both o He synthesised aspects of their work and created dialectical materialism o Marx saw material conditions such as capitalism which was a source of problems o Forms inequality o He argued that solutions to these material conditions can be found in dialectical relationships o We have conflict and clashes between different classes in society o How did he put all this together? o Talks about modes of production  Feudalism to capitalism to socialism o The subjective and the objective o Subjective is ideals and ideology o Objective involves economic, material conditions o There could be conflicts between objective and subjective o He saw the importance of ideology (Hegel) o Marx was clearly not an economic determinism because he didn’t say capitalism was going to self-destruct. His argument was that we need to look at things dialectically and look at ideology ***This provides the foundation for everything that came after 2. Hegelian Marxism - Second approach - Hegelian Marxism was a reaction against economic determinism - Borrows heavily from Hegel and the ideas, ideology and culture - What was Hegelian trying to do o Trying to restore dialectic by considering both the subjective and objective aspects of capitalists society o This means that they did not lose sight of the importance of the economic, but while not losing sight, they focused on the impact of the ideological - There were a number of Hegelian Marxist- one by the name of Antonio Gramsci 3. Critical Theory - It too was a reaction to economic determinism of the very early neo-marxis - Like Hegelian Marxism, understood the importance of the dialectic - Critical theory also stresses the importance of ideas and culture - What is the difference and unique about critical theory? o Say reason and rationality as empowering o Reason and rationality were emphasized by the enlightenment thinkers - They were considered about how major social institutions in capitalist society supress the empowering role of reason and rationality - In particular, they were considered about mass media and schools - The mass media and schools do reflect lots of ideas and ideology and culture - The mass media and schools were reflecting ideas and culture that were preventing people from understanding the need to move toward an egalitarian/ democratic society o The culture, ideology through the mass media, schools was preventing us from seeing the need to move beyond capitalism towards something more democratic, just - Critical theory is associated with the Frankfurt School A Biographical Sketch of Antonio Gramsci A. Early Life - Born in 1891 in Italy - He was part of a large family- 7 children
More Less

Related notes for SOCIOL 2S06

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit