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Lecture 8

Soc 2s06 lecture 8.rtf

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David Young

Lecture#8 Sociological Theory 2S06 Monday, September 29, 2013 Durkheim Continued... F) Later Years 2. Personal Tragedy * He lost his son Andre in the war which affected him deeply 3. Failing Health & Death * 1916 had a stroke, 1917 died at the age of 59 G) Durkheim & 21st Century 1. The Divison of Labour * We can see this is the social institutions around us i.e. Education * Organizations * Micro-level: in the family there is a division of labour perhaps with household chores 2. The Methodology of Sociology * Links theoretical ideas & imperical observations * This approach guides quantitative sociology but also sociology as a whole Social Facts A) What are Social Facts? * Institutions -->The economy & politics * Beliefs * Practices * Norms * We cannot confuse social facts with statistical facts -->Birth & unemployment rates * Shape social policies & individual decisons * Governmental level, if they see a high level of unemployment the government will try to intervene * Based on an individual level it affects what people do, whether one looks or does not look for work B) Studying Social Facts 1. Emphasized studying social facts empirically * This basically refers to what can be observed through the senses * In other words what we can hear, see, touch, smell, or taste it * This can be difficult * For example: religion is a social fact because it is a social fact that shapes behaviour * Relatedly religosity -->In other words how religious a person is will affect their behaviours * Empirical (observable) indicators & we can measure those indicators * We can measure the frequency of attending relgious services * When we study social phenonmena, we begin by developing a precise definition in the phenonena we are interested in * Conceptualization -->Operationalization 2. Studying Objectively * By using the indicators we can observe social facts in a way that is not based on our personal views * But what does matter is how we measure religosity & relate it to social issues such as the effects of religosity on attitu
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