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Paid and Unpaid Labour.docx

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David Young

Paid and Unpaid Labour Fox – Chapter 17  Larger study 1 – focus on women  hard choices - how w decide between work, career and motherhood  No mans land –  60 70s spent time on socialization – gender socialization – boys and girls are done so differently  One criminologist looked at young girls delinquents – these girls understood that they are the care givers as a child, they learnt to care for others from a young age, ‘young girls are policed to care’ – care for others in particular ways, young girls care for others more than they do for themselves Studies of Family Finances  Women constrain their own spending for others in their family  Minimize their own material needs Gerson – Study of Women  Focus on what happens later in life 80s onwards  Socialization only forms a partial reasoning behind gender division  m/w do not have diff personalities due to gender socio  We have to look at the social org of the wider society/fam life that really shapes diff roles of m w  Hard choices (book)  Chapter 17 – how girls take on diff roles (career vs home)  4 diff paths  Traditional Model - Adult w choses to be a wife – due to what she was emotionally prepared for growing up – life goes on as planned – these w are insulated – not pushed outta home by econ or financial needs or pulled into workforce – life unfolds predictably  Veering away from domesticity - W had ambitions but these change to aspirations around work and career – growing ambivalence towards career hood – work advancement was unanticipated – increasing ambitions around work and decline in motherhood ambitions – this replaced their domestic ambitions -some w exp instability in marriages or divorce – aspirations around work and career o Some it was the exp of motherhood as disillusionment and dissatisfaction of mothering as it was isolating and not valued o Some didn’t have kids in this group and others did o Ones with kids were not defined with kids as did in the first model o W were able to move outta the pink collared jobs o Reluctant mothers  Non-Traditional Model - Originally had non-domestic aspirations – supported by institution, family, and friends to work o They view kids as potential obstacles to achieving other life goals o Being a mother is not the ultimate fulfillment and wish to avoid o Prefer career women o W were able to move outta the pink collared jobs  Veering Towards Domesticity - Initially deep seeded didn’t want to become mothers o When 20ish - But exp stalling aspiration, unpleasant work environ, work conditions and blocked opportunities, lack of advancement – began to see home as haven motherhood as a solution o Motherhood better alternative than paid employment o Stable marriage, desire to keep a man, having a husband who could be a bread winner o W were not able to move outta the pink collared jobs o Recultant mothers o Traditional marriage- helped hubby build career o Undermined w effort to build their own career  Gender socio is imp but gives small explanation – some women make conscious plans right from the beginning like 1 and 3 but sometimes things change l
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