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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 Important Trends in Family life.docx

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McMaster University
Sandra Colavecchia

1 Sociology 2U06: Sociology of the Family Sept. 22 2011 Lecture 5: Important Trends in Family life con’t Trends - Canadians increasingly choosing to live alone o Statscan:  One-person households and households containing couples without children are growing the fastest  Little or no growth among couples with children  Lone person households outnumber families for the first time in Canadian history  Why? o Greater financial independence for women makes it possible for them to live alone o Declining social stigma - Delayed home-leaving is increasing o “Cluttered nest” or “delayed launchers”  “boomerang adults” – have moved out but move back in at some point  Emotional or care-giving support etc.  Ethnic reasons: some cultural groups it’s expected for adults to live at home until married, especially women  Sandwich generation:  People squeezed between providing care for their kids & care for their aging parents  Empty Nesters:  Developed in 20 c as life ex increased and fewer kids o Women less caregivers - Transnational families – associated with globalization o Astronaut families  Families where head of family lives and works in one country while remaining members live in other country o Parachute kids  Reside in the host country while parents return to work in country of origin  Very common among newcomer groups  Not always the case that o Multi-family and intergenerational households  More than one nuclear familiy who are related living together in one households  Intergen – multi gens living together  See families wanting to preserve customs etc. 2  Why living together o Globalization  Allows for mixing of cultures  Rise in prevalence of transnational fams  Have at least one member of fam living very fary away o Unconventional Families  Some form out of more conventional family structures  Economic pressure may be a cause  Decline in social stigma – creates greater acceptance Social movements and Ideological Change: - Social Movements: o Civil rights movement  Extended rights to people of colour o Gay and lesbian advocacy  Extended family rights to gays and lesbians  Created greater acceptance among broader contexts  Provides gay and lesbians with courage to leave hetero relationships  Same sex parents  Sociological research challenges negative stereeotypes o Women’s movement  Equal rights for women  Integral in giving women more power o Economic o Social o Political  Effects marriage trends & fertility trends  Supported the sexual revolution  Women provided with greater sexual freedom o Birth control o Sex o Sex outside of marriage  Radical feminism  Embraced rights of gays and lesbians  Critiqued heterosexuality  Attn to problem of violence in hetero - Ideological Change o Increasing secularism  Religious doctrine tends not to be supportive of divorce, same sex etc.  Secularism creates fewer restraints on people 3  Unhappy marriages may feel con
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