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positivist approach.docx

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David Young

positivist approach A. positivist approach aims to identify general laws of cause and effect in society o they really emphasize on causation B. major figures and schools of thought o (1) aguste compte – argued history had gone through three stages  1. Theological stage – dominated by religion  2. Metaphysical stage – philosophy  3. Positive stage – science  Essentially three diff ways of understanding the world, through science or other two  He coined the term ‘positivism’ which reflects his optimism on using science as a way to explain the world  He also coined the term sociology – refers to science of society  He argues that sociology should be modeled on the natural sciences – they focus on cause and effect relationships  E.g. sciences like bio and physics  Comte argues that just as we use these sciences to explain things, sociology can help explain what causes certain things to happen in the social world o 2) Emile durkhiem – agreed with compte on that socio should be based on natural science  Wrote a book on socio method – rules of sociological method  First book to outline this new science of society  He argued that socio should identify patterns or regularities in society  These will be reflected in stat
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