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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 - January 22nd.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 2Z03
Professor
Gerald Bierling
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 5 – January 22   • Elements of Social Theory: Example o Observation: collection of information on civil unrest of the Middle East  o Fact: a number of countries in the Middle East have experienced civil/political unrest in  the past few years o Laws: civil unrest occurs in situations of economic and political inequality  o Theory: Resource Mobilization Theory  Theories help guide the process in the sense that they point us to certain  explanations and that there are explanations we must want to test further  Resource mobilization theory ­ when politically disadvantaged groups have  access to certain resources that allow them to mobilize they are more likely to  protest  o Concepts: inequality, resources o Variables: access to resources (ability to spread ideas and forge social ties); riots, protests,  etc.  • Elements of Social Theory o Hypothesis –  a specific, testable expectation about the empirical reality that follows  from a more general proposition  A specific testable statement about a potential relationship between two or more  variables   Based on theory and results of previous research  States a relationship between two (or more) variables  Quantitative research is focused on accepting or rejecting the null hypothesis • Null hypothesis – states there is no relationship between X and Y • Focused on whether we can accept or reject the null hypothesis   Normally indicates the direction of the relationship – i.e. as one variable  increases the other decreases
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