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SOCIOL 1A06 Lecture Notes - Syphilis, Smallpox, Pertussis

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Tina Fetner

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Sociology 1A06 March 1/10
Health and Medicine
Who is Sick?
Social inequalities affect health
Rich live longer, healthier than poor
Men healthier than women while alive
Women live longer than men
Social Disparities
We understand health to be a result of a person’s
o Genetic make-up, personal habits, exposure to disease
Health is as much a product of
o Education, financial resources, and social status
Lifestyles or Life Chances
Health lives result of lifestyle
o Smoking bad for health, causes lung cancer, contributes to other types of diseases, LE
is lower than non-smoker
o Drinking increases chance for all kinds of disease, LE is lower than non-drinker
o Nutritious diet increases LE
o Regular Exercise
Lead many recommend “healthy choices”
Health Lifestyles
Health lifestyles are a privilege
Maintaining health as individual responsibility
Time, money, resources required
Not equally easy for all people to make healthy choices
Medical Advances
Science has brought treatment and cures for many diseases
o Polio, small pox, whooping cough, syphilis
Link between socioeconomic status and many diseases outcomes has not weakened
Case Study: HIV
When HIV emerged, it affected all classes
Safer sex knowledge spread
New treatments available: intensive schedule of expensive prescriptions
Today, HIV/AIDS is more common among people who are poorer and less educated
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