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SOCIOL 1A06 Lecture Notes - Extrapolation, Social Inequality, Human Behaviour

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Tina Fetner

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Sociology 1A06
Fetner, C02
September 19, 2012
Social Imagination
Sociology the study of human society
Sociological imagination:
Ability to one’s personal experiences to society at large
“makes the familiar strange”
Questions the habits/customs that seem natural to us
Sees social structures that guides individual behaviour
- Social inequality (class) is an important component of social structure. (Ex.
Opportunities, social networks, decisions)
- Social Institution -> group of social positions, connected by social relations, performing
a social role.
- Economics and Political Science focus on one aspect of social relations. Economics
focuses on money and political science focuses on power
Three stages of Human Society:
Theological Stage -> where society seemed to be the result of divine will
Metaphysical -> where human kind’s behaviour is governed by natural, biological
Scientific -> where we would develop a social physics of sorts in order to
indentify the scientific laws that govern human behaviour
Common Sense
o Extrapolate from experience
o Shared knowledge of the way the world works\vague, self-contradicting
o Applied in retrospect
Errors in thinking about human behaviour
Shaping what you see around you (Ex. World view)
Thinking outside the box
Fundamental attribution
Inequality (negative reactions rage, resistance, paralysis)
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