Deviant Behaviour 2C06.docx

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8 Dec 2013
Department
Professor
Introduction Social Order 5/7/2013 2:48:00 PM
Social Order:
Continued existence of a set social relationships overtime
Normal: behavioural, physical, intellectual, speech…
Normal:
o Normative: expected to be followed you are expected to
abide by these rules
o Enforced: rules, laws, tradition, legends
o Degrees: deviance - crimes
o Changes: over time
Social Order:
o Stratified: economic, political, status
o Maintenance of social order = social control having no
smoking signs and the law everyone prevents people from
smoking in public places, and being forced into it.
o social order is not only social control like preventing
someone from stopping at a red light. Its also about
rational justification it is also that it can be safe.
o 1. Rational justification: inevitable, eternal, useful
o 2. Psychological: shame, guilt the feeling you get after
you‟ve cheated. It takes time to get this feeling. Not when
you're born.
o social control: when you have control from doing something
bad. For some people its hard to control their bad habits.
These people are psychologically sick. You get punished
o 3. Punishment: family, peers, school, community,
government
physical, psychological, damage to interests
o 4. Rewards and incentives: economic, political, status
its not always about money, its also you getting a
reward, you go there and have a control/power on
others, or have respect
priests have respect but not much money. Or kim
kardashian or drug dealers has no respect but has
money.
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our definition of normality changes
how we define things gives us the idea of our definition of normality
and social order
The difference between deviance and crime - they are both deviance of
social expectations
homosexuality was not normal at first, but now it is.
Social Order is not NICE
Social Order is also hierarchy
EXAM: what is social order:
Look at the first part above ^ and other options that are
wrong.
Control of Thoughts, Intentions and Behaviours
Right/Wrong = we have rules Norms = Rules = Laws
rules (laws): increase: complex societies
Moderns societies: concerns with visible conduct
Forms of Rules:
o A. religious/tradition (unwritten or written)
Written: indicates increasing complexity
o B. positive: acts of legislation (written)
o c. specialized codes of conduct
Function of rules
o Expected behaviours
o set limit to behaviours: can do and cannot do no smoking
signs doesn‟t say don't smoke, it says don't smoke here.
Driving signs doesn‟t say don't drive, it says drive at this
speed limit.
o all aspects of life
o work, courtship, marriage, worship, driving, alcohol
consumption, disputes
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Written Rules
Complex societies there is a tradition not to do these complex
rules anymore. E.g., cutting off your hand
tradition cannot be relied upon
serious misconducts:
o procedures and consequences
you believe in god
the ten commandments „
the commonwealth criminal code
the universal declaration of human rights
Forms of Deviance and Crime
vary from time to time and place to place
historically variable
rules and punishments are historically variable
deviance examples:
tattoos
Serious Misconducts result in serious social reactions
formal punishments
indicated by criminal code
various institutions intervene
the police also have rules, and are conducted by the government
picture of jail prisoners on beds
and picture of people being hung serious crimes
(2) Theoretical Deviance
deviating from the accepted “worldview:
worldview:
o common ways of seeing/explaining the world
o natural and or social
o religious, scientific, ideological
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