SOCIOL 2JJ3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: World Health Organization, Working Poor, Sick Role

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Study of population health: complexity, multi-dimensions, multi-levels (macro, meso, micro, multi-disciplinary. Epidemiology, biology, medicine, sociology, psychology, geography, anthropology, political science, economics: connection with social inequalities and globalized economy and politics. Definition of health: a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (world health organization) The social gradient in health: a term used to describe the social reality whereby people who are disadvantaged in terms of socioeconomic position have worse health (and shorter lives) than those who are more advantaged. Obesity is a major risk factor for chronic disease. Psychosocial (e. g. , mental health & social relationships) Global production of diet (higher levels of fats, animal products, and sweeteners, highly processed food: mapping of obesity --> associated with poverty https://infobase. phac-aspc. gc. ca/datalab/adult-obesity-blog-en. html, discrimination in employment & promotion opportunities. Cumulative advantages and disadvantages in health outcomes over the life course race/ethnicity and health race/ethnicity is another key social determinant of health.

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