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Lecture 7

Sociology of Theory Lecture 7

Course Code
David Young

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Thursday September 29th, 2011
A) A Dialectical Perspective
B) The Transformation from feudalism to Capitalism
1. Factors behind the transformation
2. Conflict leading to the transformation
C) Factors contributing to the end of capitalism
1. Growing urbanization
2. Large Scale Production
3. Economic Crisis
-Make it clear to the proletariat workers that their interests are opposed to
those of capitalists
-Mean capitalists have to lay off workers to save money
-Economic hardship for workers - increase opposition to capitalists
4. Class Polarization
-Marx argued there is deepening class polarization within capitalism
-Petty bourgeoisie are independent producers or owners - suffered during
crisis, may end up going out of business or selling
-Marx expected this middle class would eventually disappear - some will rise
up, most will sink
-As this class disappears we end up with class polarization between 2 main
-Standing in opposition (Pro & Bourgeoisie) this enhances working class
5. Class Homogenization
-Workers have different skills
-Originally significant differences in skill levels - working class
-Once put into factories many members of the working class develop same
skills, due to technological advances and the mechanization of production
-Skill differences are reduced
-Workers are doing the same thing - all become semi skilled workers who
operate machines
-Shared circumstances bonds them to gather and furthers class
6. Deepening Immiseration
-Economic impoverishment experienced by working class
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