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Lecture 38 - March 10th.docx

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Lecture 39 – March 10th
F) The self in dramaturgical theory
1) Presentation of self in everyday life
oThrough impression management, individuals will try to present a self that will be
accepted by others
oGoffman saw the self as the product of interaction between the social actor and the
oThe social actor gives a performance trying to create a favourable self then the audience
interpret the performance – accepting or rejecting the self that is projected
oIn Goffmans view the audience members accept the presentation of self
2) Successful presentation of self
oFirst, the social actor takes measures to help ensure a smooth performance – e.g., the
social actor prepares in advance, tries to select a receptive audience, and tries to avoid
making mistakes in the performance
oSecond, the audience sometimes has a stake in a successful performance – the audience
may assist the social actor in a variety of ways – e.g., by displaying great interest in the
performance or by not noticing mistakes in the performance
G) Criticisms of dramaturgical theory
First, it was argued that Goffman offered a problematic view of people – some sociologists
contended that Goffman depicted people in a cynical way – they complained that he saw people
as conniving and selfish
Second, it was argued that Goffman gave insufficient attention to structure – some sociologists
contended that Goffman emphasized agency (personal will and intent in social interaction) and
ignored structure (how class, status, and power affect social interaction)
Feminist Theories
Introductory issues and historical overview
A) What is feminist theory?
Wide ranging system of ideas about social life and human experience developed from a
woman centered perspective
Feminist theory examines the situations and experiences of women in society
Feminist theory describes the social world from the viewpoint of women
Differs from most other sociological theory in that it is interdisciplinary
Feminist theory might come from sociology, psychology, political science or cultural
B) The historical development of feminist theory
1) The first wave of feminism
oThe first wave of feminism existed from the 1830s to the 1920s
oFirst wave feminism began as an offshoot of the anti-slavery movement and
focussed on securing political rights for women, especially the right to vote
a) The beginnings of sociology
It was in 1830 that Auguste Comte coined the term “sociology”,
and it was in 1920 that Max Weber died
In between those years, three white European males (Karl Marx,
Emile Durkehim, and Max Weber) set out the classical
theoretical ideas that would come to dominate sociology

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Lecture 39 – March 10  h F) The self in dramaturgical theory • 1) Presentation of self in everyday life  o Through impression management, individuals will try to present a self that will be  accepted by others o Goffman saw the self as the product of interaction between the social actor and the  audience  o The social actor gives a performance trying to create a favourable self then the audience  interpret the performance – accepting or rejecting the self that is projected o In Goffmans view the audience members accept the presentation of self • 2) Successful presentation of self o First, the social actor takes measures to help ensure a smooth performance – e.g., the  social actor prepares in advance, tries to select a receptive audience, and tries to avoid  making mistakes in the performance o Second, the audience sometimes has a stake in a successful performance – the audience  may assist the social actor in a variety of ways – e.g., by displaying great interest in the  performance or by not noticing mistakes in the performance G) Criticisms of dramaturgical theory • First, it was argued that Goffman offered a problematic view of people – some sociologists  contended that Goffman depicted people in a cynical way – they complained that he saw people  as conniving and selfish  • Second, it was argued that Goffman gave insufficient attention to structure – some sociologists  contended that Goffman emphasized agency (personal will and intent in social interaction) and  ignored structure (how class, status, and power affect social interaction) Feminist Theories Introductory issues and historical overview A) What is feminist theory? • Wide ranging system of ideas about social life and human experience developed from a  woman centered perspective  • Feminist theory examines the situations and experiences of women in society • Feminist theory describes the social world from the viewpoint of women • Differs from most other sociological theory in that it is interdisciplinary  • Feminist theory might come from sociology, psychology, political science or cultural  studies  B) The historical development of feminist theory • 1) The first wave of feminism o The first wave of feminism existed from the 1830s to the 1920s o First wave feminism began as an offshoot of the anti­slavery movement and  focussed on securing political rights for women, especially the right to vote a) The beginnings of sociology  It was in 1830 that Auguste Comte coined the term “sociology”,  and it was in 1920 that Max Weber died
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