SOCIOL 2U06 Lecture Notes - Sociological Theory, Nuclear Family, Structural Functionalism

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 2U06
Professor
Main Sociological Paradigms Lecture Notes
4 paradigms
Order theory social order balance agreement
Change need for social change problems in society
Macro external social structure, aggregate level looking at social institutions, what happens
nationally, cross nationally
Micro everyday interactions between people, online
o Structural functionalism
Order theory focuses on order, balance and harmony in society
Functions of institutions in society, how things function
Macro level what happen nationally, cross national, countries, big institution,
social structure over human agency (eg. Soc 2u06 - We meet at this time and
this place, we take the course for credit)
Roots to this lay in biological/essentialist perpectives
Look at biological diff between men and women and a whole host of things
fallow from that
Ex the nuclear family is natural cuz biological reproduction requires man and
women, egg and sperm
A lot of sociologist have studied animals at the animal kingdom and saw them
mating to draw inferneces about human
Criticism against biological perspective highlight difference between men and
women, emphasize the diffs too much like average difference (obscures all the
other differences aka average Is mid between high and low, and f average is
counted the high and low are not aacounted for)
Also comparing to animals is wrong as we humans are fundamentally
Our social environment is diff
We have power/equality structures in society
Animals have a social environment, and a social hierarchy within
animals which they recognice and behave accoridnly
Also women have ntural tendency to care
Some aruge care giving in not instinctual and it is in fact learnt
Some say women have maternal instinct but research says that fathers
are equally better if not better care givers (especially right after child
birth as women are not physically capable of taking care of their
children)
Social hierarchies impact our behaviours
One fo the ideas that has permeated this kind of thinking is the idea of
nurturing women have inherint tendency to be providers of care
o Critique caring and care giving are not instinctual, it is learnt
o Biological perspective has so heavy influences the sf paradimg
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Document Summary

Order theory social order balance agreement. Change need for social change problems in society. Macro external social structure, aggregate level looking at social institutions, what happens nationally, cross nationally. Micro everyday interactions between people, online: structural functionalism. Order theory focuses on order, balance and harmony in society. Functions of institutions in society, how things function. Macro level what happen nationally, cross national, countries, big institution, social structure over human agency (eg. soc 2u06 - we meet at this time and this place, we take the course for credit) Roots to this lay in biological/essentialist perpectives. Look at biological diff between men and women and a whole host of things fallow from that. Ex the nuclear family is natural cuz biological reproduction requires man and women, egg and sperm. A lot of sociologist have studied animals at the animal kingdom and saw them mating to draw inferneces about human. Also comparing to animals is wrong as we humans are fundamentally.

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