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Lecture

GEO 2RC3.docx


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCIOL 3A03
Professor
Cyril Levitt

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Elisa Bozzelli
Tuesday, January 6th, 2014
1. What is geography?
2. What is regional geography?
3. what are the essential features of Canada’s regional geography?
What does it mean to be Canadian or live in Canada
The Nature of Geography
 Geo – earth
 graphie – write
 2 sub disciplines
physical and human
 3 main themes
humans and the land (landscape)
regional studies (region)
spatial analysis (location)
“What is where, why there and why should we care” (Gritzner 2002)
- Geography = a spatial science
- spatial patterns – how are things arranged in space?
- spatial processes – why are they arranged this way?

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- spatial meaning – what is the significance of these patterns/processes?
Regional geography
 defining region = an area of the earth’s surface that has distinctive characteristics (Bone 2014, 4)
- a part of the earth’s surface featuring internal homogeneity and, at the same time, is relatively distinct from
surrounding areas according to certain criteria
-How would you divide Canada into regions?
- geography helps us to understand our world
- what criteria should we use to define Canada’s regions?
- Canada consists of sex regions. Each differs by location, physical geography, resources, and historical development
(Bone 2014, 3)
- Bone uses political boundaries to divide Canada into regions
Regions
- On what basis do regions differ?
types of regions: physical, climatic, economic, cultural, etc.
- What is the significance of this regional variation?
cultural landscapes and livelihoods vary from region to region (living in Region A is not the same as living in
Region B)
- given its size and diversity, Canada can be viewed as a “mosaic of regional landscapes”
Important concepts
- sense of place: pg. 4,8-10
- regionalism: 4-5

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- fault line: 10-16
- core/periphery model: 17-19
- Why are these concepts important to understanding Canada’s regional geography?
Canada’s Geography
- 3 essential characteristics of Canada’s geography
- size, diversity, northerness (nordicity)
- What kind of a place is Canada? What countries are similar?
Part II: Physical Environment
Canada’s Physiographic Regions
Thursday, January 9th, 2014
Purpose
1. To describe Canada’s physical geography
2. To consider the relationship between Canada’s physical and human geographies
3. To examine the nature of environmental issues in Canada
Questions?
1. Where is Niagara Falls?
2. Where was Niagara Falls 10,000 years ago?
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