SOCIOL 4A03 Lecture Notes - International Brotherhood Of Teamsters, Mother Teresa, Gaetano Mosca

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31 Jan 2013

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- Social Stratification = social inequality
conflict theorists like political reasons for inequality
- Social complexity
Job/occupational complexity
how many distinct occupations are there in society
as society becomes more modern, more jobs
a complex division of labour
division of labour = number of occupations
social differentiation = modern society is more complex
in our world, there are 4000 distinct occupational specialties (some pay more than others)
if postal workers make more than teachers, teachers force the TDSB to pay them more they want to
maintain the historical trend (they were always paid more than postal workers)
- those who work in specific occupations will use legitimacy argumence (wtf?) someone will make more money
than you because it’s justified – they have more intelligence, and more education and skills
- Natural talent is unevenly distributed some people score higher/lower than other people
- People get jobs probably by networking you know a friend or family member that has links on jobs (you have
approval of someone already working there)
- There’s a powerful link between education and income
- Gaetano Mosca:
Inequality is inevitable in society
A political system is critical for social order?
Coordination decision making
If there’s no political system, there will be chaos
You need coordination of people’s behavior and then decision making
- Power inequality:
Leaders make decisions leadership
Leaders have more power than followers
If power differences are inevitable, so are material differences (income, money)
When you have power inequality, you have material inequality
- Michelles The Iron Law of Oligarchy:
A group of people are running society
Leaders may promise change, but inequality and corruption always returns
- Lord Actin Absolute power corrupts absolutely
- Those with more power will use that power to exploit others and gain economic advantage
- Inequality is inevitable
- Cynic
Someone who hates people
People described Maskow as a cynic and a reactionary (conservative)
- Maskow used functional theory because it said inequality was inevitable
- Stratification = the process by which people are socially ranked based on social characteristics
- Over time we get more wealthy
- Divide the population into 5 groups (20%)
Top 20% get 40% of the total income
Bottom 20% gets 6% of the total income
Top 20% - people with university degrees
As you go down, you get fewer people with university degrees
Stayed the same from 1951 to 2005
- Social structure
It lasts over time through generations
Once it gets established in society, it stays around, it is resistant to change
- Liberals try to redistribute income so people who make les get money from high earners
- Valued resources
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