SOCWORK 1A06 Lecture Notes - Crack Cocaine, Homeless Shelter, Biology Of Depression

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Social Work
Course
SOCWORK 1A06
CHILD WELFARE Lecture AND Movie
Why do we need child welfare?
We have identified children as vulnerable and the responsibility of our society
We have a minimum standard of care for children
Children are generally seen as the property and responsibility of their parents
Children whose parents do not provide the minimum standards of care become the responsibility
of society
But who creates the standards and enforces them?
Child Welfare History in Ontario
Before industrialization it was a community responsibility or children were served in orphanages,
usually run by churches or other charities, or the criminal justice system (juvenile delinquents)
First Children’s Aid was established in Ontario in 1891 by J.J. Kelso in Toronto
1984 Child and Family Services Act
Present Day Policy
Children’s Aid Societies are legally granted the responsibility for the protection of children in
Ontario
In some other provinces it is a governmental responsibility
They are funded by the Ministry of Children and Youth Services
They are responsible protecting, caring for and placing children
Private organizations through board of directors - Children's Aid Societies
Duty to Report
Responsibility to report a child in need of protection [CFSA s.72(1)]
If a person has reasonable grounds to suspect that a child is or may be in need of
protection, the person must promptly report the suspicion and the information upon which
it is based to a Children’s Aid Society
Situations Which Require A Report
1. The child has suffered physical harm, inflicted by the person having charge of the child or caused by or
resulting from that person's, (i) failure to adequately care for, provide for, supervise or protect the child,
or (ii) pattern of neglect in caring for, providing for, supervising or protecting the child.
2. There is a risk that the child is likely to suffer physical harm inflicted by the person having charge of
the child or caused by or resulting from that person's, (i) failure to adequately care for, provide for,
supervise or protect the child, or (ii) pattern of neglect in caring for, providing for, supervising or
protecting the child.
3.The child has been sexually molested or sexually exploited by the person having charge of the child or
by another person where the person having charge of the child knows, or should know, of the possibility
of sexual molestation or sexual exploitation and fails to protect the child.
4. There is a risk that the child is likely to be sexually molested or sexually exploited as described in
paragraph 3.
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5. The child requires medical treatment to cure, prevent or alleviate physical harm or suffering and the
child's parent or the person having charge of the child does not provide, or refuses or is unavailable or
unable to consent to, the treatment.
6. The child has suffered emotional harm, demonstrated by serious, (i)anxiety, (ii)depression,
(iii)withdrawal, (iv)self-destructive or aggressive behaviour, or (v)delayed development, and there are
reasonable grounds to believe that the emotional harm suffered by the child results from the actions,
failure to act or pattern of neglect on the part of the child's parent or the person having charge of the
child.
7. The child has suffered emotional harm of the kind described in subparagraph (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) or (v) of
paragraph 6 and the child's parent or the person having charge of the child does not provide, or refuses
or is unavailable or unable to consent to, services or treatment to remedy or alleviate the harm.
8. There is a risk that the child is likely to suffer emotional harm of the kind described in subparagraph
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv) or (v) of paragraph 6 resulting from the actions, failure to act or pattern of neglect on the
part of the child's parent or the person having charge of the child.
9. There is a risk that the child is likely to suffer emotional harm of the kind described in subparagraph
(i), (ii), (iii), (iv) or (v) of paragraph 6 and that the child's parent orthe person having charge of the child
does not provide, or refuses or is unavailable or unable to consent to, services or treatment to prevent
the harm.
10. The child suffers from a mental, emotional or developmental condition that, if not remedied, could
seriously impair
the child's development and the child's parent or the person having charge of the child does not
provide, or refuses or is unavailable or unable to consent to, treatment to remedy or alleviate the
condition.
11. The child has been abandoned, the child's parent has died or is unavailable to exercise his or her
custodial rights over the child and has not made adequate provision for the child's care and custody, or
the child is in a residential placement and the parent refuses or is unable or unwilling to resume the
child's care and custody.
12. The child is less than 12 years old and has killed or seriously injured another person or caused
serious damage to another person's property, services or treatment are necessary to prevent a
recurrence and the child's parent or the person having charge of the child does not provide, or refuses
or is unavailable or unable to consent to, those services or treatment.
13. The child is less than 12 years old and has on more than one occasion injured another person or
caused loss or damage to another person's property, with the encouragement of the person having
charge of the child or because of that person's failure or inability to supervise the child adequately.
Move Through CAS Involvement
Intake
A child is considered in need of protection if he or she is being abused and/or neglected
Abuse emotional, physical, sexual
Neglect not meeting the physical, emotional, health, educational, etc. needs of the child
Legislated standards and definitions
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Document Summary

We have identified children as vulnerable and the responsibility of our society. We have a minimum standard of care for children. Children are generally seen as the property and responsibility of their parents. Children whose parents do not provide the minimum standards of care become the responsibility of society. Before industrialization it was a community responsibility or children were served in orphanages, usually run by churches or other charities, or the criminal justice system (juvenile delinquents) First children"s aid was established in ontario in 1891 by j. j. kelso in toronto. 1984 child and family services act. Children"s aid societies are legally granted the responsibility for the protection of children in. In some other provinces it is a governmental responsibility. They are funded by the ministry of children and youth services. They are responsible protecting, caring for and placing children. Private organizations through board of directors - children"s aid societies. Responsibility to report a child in need of protection [cfsa s. 72(1)]

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