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Lecture 6

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Theatre & Film Studies
Peter Cockett

Fox 1 Lecture 6 Tuesday May 28, 2013 Elements of Film Narrative: Cinematography  Film Elements: 1. The Shots 2. Editing - the sequence of shots and the links between them  The Shots: 1. The Extreme Long-Shot (Establishing Shots):  Usually exterior  People are specks on the screen  Function: establishes spatial frames f reference – where is the action taking place? And how are we asked to look at it? 2. The Long Shot:  Imprecise term – about the distance from stage to audience in the theatre  Function:  Another form of establishing shot  Places characters in relation to space in relation to each other  Blocking within the set will indicate the relationships of the different characters within the possible world of the play, just as on stage  Position of characters within the frame also indicates importance to director and the objectives of the film  The full-shot – another version of the long shot  Includes human body from head to toe 3. Medium Shot:  See actors from the waist up  Variations:  The two shot (two characters in the frame)  The three shot (three actors in the frame)  Functions: Fox 2 Lecture 6  Focus on interaction between characters – see action and reaction at the same time  Focus spread between characters – but blocking will influence this effect 4. The Close Up:  Actors face or significant object  Functions:  Focuses audience attention on what is important to the director  Can privilege one characters role in, and response to, the action over another’s  Can create powerful empathetic connection between audience and actor  Closer than we get to anyone in our lives, aside from our families and lovers  As if we are seeing inside their minds  Camera mostly focused on the protagonist 5. The Extreme Close-Up:  Part of the actor’s face – eyes or mouth 6. Deep Focus Shots:  Can combine, long shots with medium and even close ups  The Angles: 1. Eye-Level Shots:  The normal shot for realism  Vats majority are eye-level shots  We don’t notice it  The world as seen through our eyes  The world as seen in a thousand movie shots we have watched 2. The High Angle:  Give audience powerful perspective  Looking down on the characters and scene  Characters look smaller  Locale becomes more important- character in relation to scene Fox 3 Lecture 6 3. T
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