The big sleep: directed by howard hawkes: hardboiled detective film. I see marlowe the way chandler saw him, a loser. But a real loser, not the fake winner that chandler made out of him. A loser all the way robert altman. The long good bye was taken with great critical challenge. The film is aware/makes its self aware in its opening moments. Ambiguous space to the character: chaotic lifestyle. The films self reflexivity grows from non-diegetic sounds in the diegesis: everyone is playing the same song sung to a different tune. A film that is aware of itself. Double indemnity: famous film noir-the moment is being imitated at the end: close to what happened with terry lennox and his wife in the beginning of the. Long goodbye (he just finished killing her) and imitation of the guard stand in for what just happened out of frame. The film takes on characteristics of art cinema.