WOMENST 1A03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Male Privilege, White Privilege, Gender Role

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Lecture Three
*Feb.10- Midterm*
Coalitional Feminism (McIntosh, Kimmel, Koyama)
McIntosh (Peggy)
. Oppression and Privilege and how it works in society
. Earned if you fit into a certain criteria
. “Pointing out how women work”
Kimmel (Michael)
. Male privilege
.” Pointing out how gender works”
Koyama (Emi)
. Expanding Feminism to transgendered women
. “Pointing out how sex work”
* Cis- gendered= Straight*
. Can’t be controlled or fixed
. Systemic Oppression (cannot be fixed by one person alone)
Key Terms
. Norms- our idea of gender norms or appearance norms and they’ve changed
. Normative- our idea of sexed bodies changes over time
. Neutral- our idea of roles and expectations
DON’T LOOK AT WHAT IS “NORMAL”, BECAUSE THEN SOMEONE IS ALWAYS
MARGINALIZED!
. This becomes a problem
We are challenged with the ideas of what:
Gender is
Sexuality is
Body makeup means
Skin colour means
McIntosh
. What does our culture define as normal?
. Then when something doesn’t fit into “normal” they are excluded
. Let’s look at it as a system of unearned advantage
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Koyama
. Asks us to extend our notion of cis- gender men and women
. How does society confer dominance on non-trans-people?
The work of Intersectionality:
. What is the relationship of my feminism to my unearned white privilege?
Or what is the relationship of my unearned cis- privilege?
What can I do to lessen or end various systems of unearned privilege?
How does having unearned privilege damage not only “Other”, but the privileged, as
well?
1) Male Privilege
. If we acknowledge that women are disadvantaged (ex. Paid less than men, work at
home after coming home from a full day job) then we must also acknowledge that
men are correspondingly privileged.
. Unacknowledged
. Un-asked-for
. Unexamined
We must acknowledge that “male” is a gender- is culturally created and curated- and
not neutral or “the norm” from which women and others deviate.
. Uncomfortable to examine on a personal basis (me vs. you)
. McIntosh decides to talk about this as a group for that reason
Kimmel on Male Privilege
. American men think of themselves as genderless
. Women studies has opened his eyes to gender and its issues
. Once gender and race are visible then it can be talked about, commonalities
can be found and a solution can be discussed
Challenges to notion of male privilege- McIntosh wrote this to get a rise out of
readers
. Men’s achievements are of most significance
. Over- representation of men in culture doesn’t correlate to real- world
benefits for actual men
. Male privilege and over- representation isn’t systemic, it’s idiosyncratic
. Even if male hegemony is institutionalized, it didn’t help me
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