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CRJS 4401 (9)
Lecture 8

CRJS 4401 Lecture 8: Lecture #8 March 24th 2017 Indigenous People and CRJS

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Mount Royal University
Criminal Justice
CRJS 4401
Harpreet Aulakh

Lecture 8 March 24th, 2017 Indigenous People and CRJS Indigenous offenders in corrections Correctional service of Canada The corrections and conditional release act Indigenous programs Healing lodges Parole 2008 tough on crime, indeterminate sentences, no more double time, mandatory minimums Assessment tools and indigenous offenders Referral to correctional programs: Professional judgementcase workers, etc. having discretion to what types of programs they can offerthe person file of the offender, look at programs available and override the security classification when it comes to the accessibility of the programscorrections Canada recognizes that more indigenous people are deemed maximum security classification so gives them the power to override itfrom maximum to mediumtheir accessibility to the programs is limited. Only 17 offenders were given that right in one year, most were taken from lower to a higher classification so it was working against them Gladue reportsaboriginal social history o Social history: collective history that aboriginal population has experienced over time, including: impact of residential schools, impact of social welfare, impact of collective poverty experience by aboriginal communities, impact of communitys experience of addiction, suicide, and unemployment o The parole and community workers must look at all these factors as requires by corrections Canada o FASD, Racism, lack of education, victimization in the family (history of violence and abuse), family disorganization (offender may not be living with the ideal family), gang affiliation and activity o CSC policy directive states they need to look at these factors when making decisions on an aboriginal persons affairs o And how these experiences had an influence on the custody rating scale of the offender, and then decide o They often focus on sports and extracurricular but aboriginals are less likely to take part in these activities o In the audit, it was found that there was no considerations taken; they looked at custody files of inmates and no such evidence was found of any of these agencys taking the initiative o Also saw that there was a lack of training on the parole officers on how to judge these factors and how to judge them
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