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Women in Antiquity 3.docx

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CLAS 2051
Fiona Black

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Athenian Philosophy Wrap-Up  pre-Socratics- very little to say about gender  Plato/Socrates o most of what we know about Socrates is through the voice of Plato o minimized work that was done by pre-Socratics, more interested in ethical questions o a humanist, believed the Athenians could do better than they were o The Republic- attempted to create laws establishing more gender equality o "Everything written about philosophy after Plato is merely a footnote."  Aristotle o disagreed with Plato (his mentor) o provided foundations of Western science, areas of logic, astronomy o politics- comments on women, disagreed with Plato that women were equal to men o believed that based on differences in phusis, women were weaker and not suited for government o women should be excluded or minimized in decisions in politics or the household (saw the household as a microcosm of society/politics as a whole) o extremely influential in development of biology, physics o preconceptions of women taint their notions of politics/bio/physics Athenian Drama  Plato started writing just after 399 BCE  pre-Socratics writing 599-400 BCE  late 6th Cent BCE- start seeing festivals dedicated to Dionysus (god of revelry, wine, sex)beginning of 5th Cent BCE onward, Greek tragedy becomes articulated o "Dionysus" = god from Nysus (import god, in some accounts replaces Hestia )  *"drama" is interchangeable with "theatre" can describe both tragedy and comedy  Greek tragedy as a developing art form  Aristotle in his Poetics, talks about the development of tragedy- not really an action, rather just characters speaking on the stage  first surviving play is The Persians by Auschylus (472 BCE)  Three Prominent Surviving (works complete or almost complete) Tragedians:  Aeschylus (circa 525/4-465/5 BCE)  Sophocles (497/6-406/5 BCE)  Euripides (480-406 BCE)  472-406 BCE- 60 years from first performance of Persians to last performance of Euripides  worshiped Dionysus, specifically in City Dionysia festival, judges attended, voted on the best play  voting becomes important- when writing plays, trying to gain fame/notoriety, encourages one to put aside pers
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