Class Notes (806,977)
Canada (492,550)
Classics (36)
CLAS 2051 (21)

Women in Antiquity 12.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

Mount Allison University
CLAS 2051
Fiona Black

Education and Philosophy in the Hellenistic World  Stoicism o closed off women to the school o Zeno of Citium (c. 334-262 BCE) o through process of wishing to consolidate power, reinvigorate philosophical power of Athens, aligns with Aristotle's school- the Peripateics o integrate idea of inherently lower class for women- envisioning utopia going back to Aristotle's ideas of patriarchy- what works for the state also works for the home o subservience of women within marriage o idea of monogamy as being one of the best ways to live- perceived need to increase birth rate, encourage people to get married, have children, resulted in subservient positioning of women o people look to it to reinforce traditional values re: marriage, family  Neopythagoreanism o closed off women to the school o not as popular as Stoicism o a lot of different pseudographic writings from the viewpoint of women  letter from Perictione- Plato's mother, penned to young girls as pieces of advice (not likely actually written by Perictione, used as a method of controlling young women)- philosophical laws for women, best way to live for a young girl is to get married and to not study so much, not educate oneself because that makes you lazy, leads to being a busybody, obey your husband no matter what, not sleep around (husband probably will sleep around, probably drink)- "bear what he bears"  Demetrius- gynaikonomoi- laws governing the role of women o increasing restrictions on women, a response to watering down of society, loosening of morals, how do we restore perfect state- go even further than Aristotle's ideas  Epicurianism o open to women o enjoy life to the best of your ability- pleasure of the mind over the body o open to anyone o Epicurus was against marriage (for himself) but if someone else wanted to get married and that made them happy, that was fine  Cynicism o open to women o Diogenes of Sinope (c. 404-323 BCE) o interacted with Plato (comments critically on Plato's ideas) o a person would come to this conclusion themselves o live best with nature- phusis- rejection of civic law- living rightly, thinking about laws that were in place o quite open to having anyone take part o living frugally- Diogenes famous for wearing a barrel o rejecting nomos, living
More Less

Related notes for CLAS 2051

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.