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Archaeology of Religion 2.docx

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Course Code
CLAS 2531
Illaria Battiloro

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Archaeological Indicators of Ritual Example- Rossano de Vaglio Sanctuary  4th century BCE - 1st century BCE  located in Southern Italy 1. Focus of attention: the structure itself- central altar in the middle of the courtyard (sacrifices, ritual activities take place) 2. Presence of the deity: statues of goddesses in bronze and marble (consider context- no statues in domestic spaces of the same time); 1000+ small terracotta figurines (could also be found in tombs and homes)- have specific characteristics which indicate they were dedicated to a goddess 3. Participation and offerings: dedicated figurines; ritual activities left material traces; huge number of working tools dedicated (key is the association of the tools with other objects); loom weights (dedicated by women, symbolize female domestic activity, representation of a prayer Common Terminology and Concepts  religion: o collection of belief systems, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to spirituality o many religions have narratives, symbols, traditions, and sacred histories that give meaning to life or to explain the origin of life or the Universe  cult o (cultus)- any religious action or form of communication with the divine o worship (various practices and rituals employed by worship) o emphasis on correct repetition of for
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