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Lecture

CLAS 2531 Lecture Notes - Ancient Greek Temple, Prostyle, Cella

by OneClass120740 , Winter 2013
2 Pages
70 Views
Winter 2013

Department
Classics
Course Code
CLAS 2531
Professor
Illaria Battiloro

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Sacred Spaces in the Roman World
recall: sacred means "separated", belongs to the gods
recall: two types of sacred places- those built by men for gods, and those designated by
gods for men to recognize
elements in Roman sanctuary were identical to those found in Greek sanctuaries
the Romans borrowed heavily from two cultures that they conquered: the Etruscans and
the Greeks
Etruscan Temples
the plan of an Etruscan temple is a broad rectangle. Steps measuring approximately one
third of the temple's width are places at the centre front across the bay between two centre
columns. The front half of the temple space accommodates an open porch. There are two
rows of four widely spaced columns across the porch. The cella area is located at the
back half of the temple and is subdivided into three rectangular spaces, roughly
corresponding to the spacing of the columns on the porch.
The overall plan of an Etruscan temle has several features that distinguish it from a Greek
temple:
o the limited stairway
o the widely spaced columns
o the deep porch
o the tripartite cella (with three cult statues)
Sacred Places Dedicated by Men: Temple
the temple was built on a raised podium
a staircase led to the temple pronaos (porch), in which open air rituals were performed
columns surrounding the temple did not have any architectural function- they were purely
decorative- influence from the Greek world
Layout of temple dedicated to Portunus
o rectangular cella with a porch at one end reached by a single flight of stairs
o echoes the Greek prostyle plan (surrounded by colonnade)
o freestanding columns on the porch
o engaged columns around the cella
o the columns around the cella are engaged, even though they appear to be free
standing
Roman vs. Greek Temple
Romans needed interior space for worship, whereas Greeks worshipped outside
their solution was to extend the walls outward, creating engaged columns while
maintaining the same basic shape
Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus

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Description
Sacred Spaces in the Roman World  recall: sacred means "separated", belongs to the gods  recall: two types of sacred places- those built by men for gods, and those designated by gods for men to recognize  elements in Roman sanctuary were identical to those found in Greek sanctuaries  the Romans borrowed heavily from two cultures that they conquered: the Etruscans and the Greeks Etruscan Temples  the plan of an Etruscan temple is a broad rectangle. Steps measuring approximately one third of the temple's width are places at the centre front across the bay between two centre columns. The front half of the temple space accommodates an open porch. There are two rows of four widely spaced columns across the porch. The cella area is located at the back half of the temple and is subdivided into three rectangular spaces, roughly corresponding to the spacing of the columns on the porch.  The overall plan of an Etruscan temle has several features that distinguish it from a Greek temple: o the limited stairway o the widely spaced columns o the deep porch o the tripartite cella (with three cult statues) Sacred Places Dedicated by Men: Temple  the temple was built on a raised podium  a staircase led to the temple pronaos (porch), in which open air rituals were performed  columns surrounding the temple did not have any architectural function- they were purely decorative- influence from the Greek world  Layout of temple dedicated to Portunus o rectangular cella with a porch at one end reached by a single flight of stairs o echoes the Greek prostyle plan (surrounded by colonnade) o freestanding columns on the porch o engaged columns around the cella o the columns around the cella are engaged, even though they appear to be free standing Roman vs. Greek Temple  Romans needed interior space for worship, whereas Greeks worshipped outside  their solution was to extend the walls outward, creating engaged columns while maintaining the same basic shape Temple of J
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