Class Notes (838,432)
Canada (510,886)
RELG 1681 (13)

Quest for Enlightenment 10.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Religious Studies
RELG 1681
Sam Borsman

Chinese Buddhism  Buddhism on its way to China underwent a long process of acculturation  probably brought by traders working the silk route  Chinese less interested in philosophy, more interested in magical powers, rain making, deities  from Central Asia (Afghanistan, Pakistan) to desert regions along silk route to Northwestern China (c. 50 CE) o not influential at first... seen as a foreign "barbarian" religion  collapse of the Hand Dynasty (221 CE) o quetsioning of the old social and religious ethic (Confucianism) brings interest in Buddhism  central Asian translators brought into China to translate Buddhist scriptures o monk-translator Kumarajiva arrives in 401 CE, and many of his translations are still the standard East Asian texts, had a team of 50 monks working to translate under him, hundreds of works o emperor kidnapped him, put him in a harem of women, tried to enforce early eugenics by producing children he thought would be brilliant as well o no original Chinese words for "enlightenment" etc, sometimes translators had to make up new words, use words from other languages  translation problems o Indian Buddhist sutras full of abstract philosophical concepts (ie. shunyata) and mythology, yet CHinese thought was very down to earth o Chinese Daoist concepts used for Buddhist terms  the Buddhist path becomes a "Way" or Dao and shunyata is translated as "nothing" or "non-being" or wu (problems because it was seen as negative, nihlistic)  this translation technique was known as "matching the meaning" or geyi  later translators of Buddhist scriptures, like Kumarajiva produced actual Chinese words for text  Xuanzang (596-664 CE) journeys to India to research Yogacara philosophy o travelled to India for 17 years, studying languages and collecting scriptures which he translates and brings back to China o his travelogue becomes basis for Chinese classic (anime and live action series') Journey to the West, quite popular in 1960/70s, battling demons as he tries to collect the scriptures  in his quest to find Buddhist sutras in India, Xuanzang is accompanied by four disciples: a pig, a river ogre named Sandy, a monkey, a dragon king  Sui-Tang Period (581-907) o Buddhsim takes root in China and develops its own distinctive schools, which rise to prominence over early Indian schools in China (ie. Yogacara, Madhyamaka)  Chan (Japanese, Zen), Pure Land, Tiantai, Huayan o vegetarianism becomes the norm for monks/nuns, and for many laypeople o however, Buddhism still seen by many as foreign, "barbarian" and corrupting  Confucianism stressed family and political order, BUddhism seen as anti- family (ie. monasticism) and apolitical  Chan Buddhism o the word "Chan" derives from Sanskrit dhyana, meaning a "meditative state" (becomes Zen in Japan) o doctrinally, Chan teaches:  all beings have Buddha-nature, and are able to achieve enlightenment through meditation and/or the removal of mental obstructions  a "sudden" path to enlightenment, one must only realize one's true Buddha-nature (inclusive of women, especially in Japan)  a direct seeing of one's own true nature, sometimes critical of doctrinal/scriptural study and complex Buddhist philosophy  the need for a teacher, who may teach through gong-an (including shouting, hitting, meditation) o claims to pass on the Buddha-mind from teacher to disciple  legendary founding of Chan traced to Shakyamuni Buddha preaching by holding up a flower, only Mahakashyapa understands and becomes the first patriarch (when you pay attention to one thing, thinking of nothing else, you can reach enlightenment)- "What is the secret to enlightenment" "Shitting and pissing" o traces its Chinese origins to Bodhidharma (c. 5th century), an Indian monk who brought the teaching to China  he is the 1st Chinese patriarch, the 28th patriarch in the lineage of teachers going back to Shakyamuni Buddha  generally viewed to be part of folklore, no actual records of existing  meditated staring at a wall for 9 years, taught that all sentient beings are the same as dharmata, all beings are inherently Buddhas, realized through "wall gazing"  according to legend, meditates for 9 years in a cave, his disciple Huike
More Less

Related notes for RELG 1681

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.