Introduction to Gender Studies 3.docx

3 Pages

Women's And Gender Studies
Course Code
WGST 2001
Marie Hammond- Callaghan

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Intersectionality  Audre Lorde: poet, scholar, 1934-1992 o "a 49 year old Black lesbian feminist socialist mother" o "Certainly there are differences between us of age, race, sex, but it is not it is not those differences between us that are separating us. It is rather, our refusal to recognize those differences and to examine the distortions that result from our misnaming them and their effects on human behaviour and expectation."  "Interlocking systems of oppression and domination affecting how one experiences gender." (Taylor, Whittier, and Rupp, 2)  "Matrix of domination." (Patricia Hill Collins) -theorizing on the lives of African American women  Intersectionality: the Double Bind of Race and Gender (Kimberlee Crenshaw) o "Intersectionality simply came from the idea that if you're standing in the path of multiple forms of exclusion, you are likely to get hit by both."  The Bird Cage Analogy (Marilyn Fry) o Consider a bird cage. If you look very closely at just one wire of the cage, you cannot see the other. If you look with this myopic focus, you could look up and down the wire and be unable to see why the bird cannot simply fly around it. It is only when you step back, and stop looking at each individual wire microscopically, and look at the whole cage macroscopically, that you can see why the bird doesn't go anywhere. o And then it is perfectly obvious that the bird is surrounded by a network of systemically related barriers, none of which would be the least hindrance to its flight individually, but in their relation to each other are as confining as the solid walls of a dungeon.  The Mountain Metaphor (Eli Clare) o "We hear from the summit that the world is grand from up there, that we live down here because we are lazy, stupid, weak, and ugly. We decide to climb that mountain or make a pact that our children will climb it. The climbing turns out to be unimaginably difficult. Our wheelchairs get stuck, we speak the wrong languages with the wrong accents, wear the wrong clothes, carry our bodies the wrong ways, ask the wrong questions, love the wrong people. We decide to stop climbing, or we decide to climb back down. Or we find the path again, decide to continue climbing only to have the very people who told us how wonderful life is at the summit booby-trap the trail. Maybe we get to the summit but probably not. And the price we pay is huge."  "Situated" Differences and Intersectionality o Race:  a biological category (historically)  a social and ideological construction  a justification for hierarchical division  a political device to differentiate the "savage" from the "civilized" (Hannah Ardendt)  a discredited generalization of Enlightenment Science- with assumptions of humanity divided into fixed, genetically determined biological types  emerged as a way of distinguishing and creating a hierarchical division division between Europe and its colonized "others"  the term "races" is usually used to denote the supposed differences, based on brain size, skin colour, and other physica
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