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CHFS 2216 Lecture Notes - Prenatal Care, Parental Leave, Soft Law

Child and Family Studies
Course Code
CHFS 2216
Tom Waldock

of 2
Wednesday February 27, 2013
Early Learning in Childcare
- The framework of the Convention (principles and articles specific to issues) is
much different from the framework provided by Covell and Howe
- If it was just a moral code it would simply be a declaration, however it is a law and
the status is that it is international law
- What is the process and how is it binding?: it is not binding in a hard law, but it
binding as soft law as there is a formal process
- We are obligated by it, we are supposed to be committed to it, we are supposed to
be committed to the articles within it
- The ethical and legal status
- 3 core principles: article 2 (no discrimination), article 3 (best interest of the child),
article 12 (participation rights)
- 3 others of great significance are article 4 (to the maximum of our available
resources), article 6 (promote survival and the development of the child), article 42
(we should be widely publicizing the convention)
- Categories of rights: provision, protection, and participation
Early Learning in Childcare
- QC Martha Friendly’s articles p. 60-64 (principles and articles)
- Article 2 (non-discrimination) is important to early learning in childcare because
we have a federal system. There is not enough of a national focus on this because it
is a provincial jurisdiction. Some jurisdictions are ahead of others. Quebec is leading
in childcare. Parents do not have the support and children don’t have access to the
same services across the country. Our federal system is a major challenge.
- Article 3 (best interest of the child) some people argue is one of the most crucial
areas for children’s well being and the well being of family. This is about the
development of the child. Even has to do with prenatal care. There is a broadly
conceived network of service for children prenatal, postnatal, for families (parental-
leave), etc.
- Article 4 (to the maximum of our available resources
- Article 6 (promote the survival and the development of the child)
- Article 42 (we should widely publicize the convention) to make it known and to
educate children on their rights
- Provision rights: Article 18, Article 23, Article 24, Article 27, Article 28, Article 29,
Article 30, Article 31
CCRC p. 63-64
- The imperative of quality childcare and home care
QC ch3.
- 4 recommendations from Canadian counsel of children and youth p. 45-46
- p. 46 article 18: “childcare is a right” and governments have a responsibility that
this right is addressed. Childcare centres, daycares, nurseries, etc.
- p. 47: 4 trends. 1. Women entering the workforce; 2. A shrinking child population;
3. Child and family poverty; 4. Maternity/ Parental leaves