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VISM2B09 (2)

LBST1B04 Definitions and Terms.docx

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OCAD University
Liberal Studies
Heather Coffey

MINI QUIZ TERMS & DEFINITIONS (most terms from Lecture 7 & 8): For the Quiz: 1.) Define the term 2.) Artist or Architect 3.) Title 4.) Location and Date 5.) Describe how that art contains that feature AMBULATORY: Definition: The passage (walkway) around the apse in a longitudinal basilica or centrally planned church. In Romanesque and Gothic architecture, it features radiating chapels housing reliquaries. Example 1: Title: Plan and Section Drawing of Sta. Costanza Location: Rome Date: c. 350 Example 2: Title: Abbey Church of Saint Denis Architect: Abbot Suger Location: 1140–1144 Date: France ARCHIVOLT: Definition: A curved molding, constructed of voussoirs, situated above a tympanum in Romanesque or Gothic portals. Example 1: Title: Schematic Drawing Of Chartres Cathedral Date: c. 1230–1235 Example 2: Title: Romanesque Church Portal (South Portal and Porch) Location: Southwest France Date: c. 1115 CLOISON: Definition: In cloisonné enamel, a “cell” made of fine metal wire or a metal strip soldered to a background to create partitions, which are filled with semi-precious stones, pieces of coloured glass or glass paste that is fired. Example: Hinged Clasp, Sutton Hoo Ship Burial CHEVET (CHOIR): Definition: The entire eastern area of a church beyond the crossing (the intersection of the transept and the nave) including the apse, ambulatory, and radiating chapels. Example: Abbey church of Saint Denis COMPOUND PIER: Definition: A pier or large column with shafts, pilasters, or colonnettes attached to it on one or more sides. Example: Chartres Cathedral Example 2: Title: Interior View From The West And Plan Of Durham Cathedral Location: France Date:1087–1133 ELEVATION: Definition: The arrangement of a vertical face of a building (interior or exterior). Example: Amiens Cathedral & Chartres Cathedral & Palatine Chapel of Charlemagne & Saint-Sernin FRESCO: A painting technique in which ground pigments are suspended in water and applied to the surface of wet lime plaster and are absorbed into it, chemically bonding with the wall once dry. Creates a very durable painting. Example: Maguey Bloodletting Ritual & Coronation Gospels, Evangelist portrait of Matthew FLYING BUTTRESS: An arch built on the exterior of a building that transfers the outward thrust of the interior vaulting system at stress points of the wall down to an external buttress pier. Example: Chartres Cathedral (little in lecture 8 & lecture 7) HISTORIATED CAPITAL: The sculpted block that tops a column, and which displays human figures or narrative scenes. Example: Flight into Egypt Cathedral of St. Lazare (lecture 8) ILLUMINATION: Painting on paper or parchment to illustrate or decorate folios of a medieval manuscript (using gold, silver, and other costly materials). JAMB: In Romanesque and Gothic architecture, the vertical element found on both sides of a portal, often supporting the archivolts or lintel, and covered with carved figures. Example: Royal Portal, west façade, Chartres Cathedral (lecture 8) MIHRAB: Definition: A recess or concave niche that distinguishes the qibla wall, oriented towards Mecca, in a mosque. Example: Title: The Great Mosque Location: Kairouan, Tunisia Date:
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