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Lecture 7

VISA-3027 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Monastery, Filigree, Odoacer

Visual Culture - Art
Course Code
Heather Coffey

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VISA 3027: Medieval Art & Architecture
7. Migratory Tribes
*reading response next week on Romanesque
*Midterm grades will be great
(Slide 1) Migratory Tribes
What happen to western empire after roman
West: map in centaries are everchanging due to migratory tribes
(Slide 2)
*476 CE: Rome was sacked by the Vandals
*476 CE: Romulus Augustus, last emperor of western Roman Empire, deposed by Odoacer (First
Barbarian King of Italy)
Migratory tribes: refers to tribal popular organized by language and ethnicity, there is a
contraction/decrease population. Roman empire defer in urban cities becomes fractures (due
to collapse of roman empire). Rival tribal leaders try to emass territory. There is also emergence
of Christianity that enters into political vacuum. Waves of movement of ethnographic
population - tribes trying to expand territory
Who the migratory tribes: based on geographic understanding of continental Europe.
Based on North and South
Idea that city of roman that they are civilization, further from italy and roman shows
greater chaos - bias
Despite binary division that historians created (conscious/unconscious), northern lands -
Englands and such… - all those areas are roman provinces - part of roman infiltrators
395: eastern and western roman empire
o Further breaking of roman empire
Defination: come from further north but seen as
6th century: western roman empire began to crumble and eastern roman began to rise
o Several factor of collapse of roman empire
Political instability
Fall of agricultural production - increase of food cost
- western roman rich people would change the ingredient for coins as that
caused inflation
Corruption due to poor economy from military army
Using Germanic barbarians as mercenary but caused more chaos
Art during that time
o Smaller items
o Smaller funeraly items - bracelets, belt buckle, and other small scale utilitarian sites

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Ex. Art recovered have been recovered from grounds and burials - see distinction in
study practices - small scale objects utilized stylized or abstract style
- different from overt Greek-roman natural representation
(Slide 3) separate Scotland from rest of Europe
Defensive fortifications 122 CE, Hadrian's rule
117 km, built over 7 years, inconsistent height and width
Notion of none roman-ness beyond the wall
Space along the wall that house roman legion to fortify northern boundaries
o Also contain gates as strategic points, romans were proud but not stupid to ensure
control of territory and avoid warfare
Gates allow movement of people and items - seen as custom points and allow
to tax on barbarian northern people
Allow mobility, can foster economic system of goods up north
Wall: show roman mindset, show division between roman and non roman -
(Slide 4)
(Slide 5)
(Slide 6 - 8) - funeral small scale items - burial items that survived
The Sutton Hoo Ship Burial (Anglo-Saxon)
Mounds owned by farmers on farmland,
Found treasure burial on burial mound in england
Unique find that show typical medieval traditions with great lord with rich furnishing
o 40 gold coins
o 2 silver spoon - inscribed with Saul and Paul (Greek)
o Gold belt
o Byzantine silverware
o Remnants of Anglosaxon helmet and sword
o And others
East Anglian Anglo-Saxon King Raedwald C. 625
625 ce: funeral date - no date to confirm but based, royal burial of east anglolian burial of
king raedwald
Medieval period, before turn of century is much more warmer
o Vikings fighting for land due to warmer welcoming weather - more furtile
Objects laid with body
Raedwalf - he and followers could still rely on tall ships for economy and movement; he
was burried with the ship - to move to afterlife with precious things - portable luxury
goods and characteristic wealth to show
o Practical value decrease after burial - "useless to men as it had been before" once
you die, your wealth won't be worth much
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