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Lecture 4

VISC 1B02 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Stupa, Helladic Period, Geometric Art


Department
Visual Studies
Course Code
VISC 1B02
Professor
Julian Haladyn
Lecture
4

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VISC 1B02 Class 4 notes - From Abstraction to Naturalism in
Ancient Greece
Indus and Aegean
- Indus – naturalistic poses
- Aegean – incredibly stylized, has more to do with its
existence of an object
Buddhist art
- Lions depicted have a sense of calm (Buddhism is a non-
violent belief)
- Stupa
oSolid, dome shaped
oDerived from burial mounds
oAssociated with a holy person
Egyptian and Buddhist
- Almost in the opposite spectrum
- Egyptian – based on hard geometry (true pyramids)
oStrives to achieve some level of permanence
- Buddhist – soft cornered geometry (stupas are based on the
circle)
oThe great stupa in Sanchi
Built in the third century BCE
Part of a large monetary complex
10 feet tall, built in stone
4 stone gateways, separating the outer world
from the more profane world
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“each gateway is decorated with a profusion
of carved incidents from the Buddha’s life
and past lives
depictions of females represent fertility of
nature
“swelling arching curves of the yakshi’s body
evoke her procreative and bountiful essence”
The development of Mahayana (around the 1st century CE)
- began with the actual depiction of Buddha
- key visual characteristics of Buddha
- wears a simple robe (similar to Greek togas)
- the representation of his poverty
- distended earlobes, symbolizes enlightenment
- protuberance that resembles a bun, also symbolizes
enlightenment on his head
- white hair between his eyes
- the lotus 6ower (the double lotus 6ower) – grows at
the bottom of a murky water source
- portrayed as a more powerful and heroic character
than an ordinary human (not heroic in a warrior sense)
Minoan and Buddhist
- the level of realism is quite similar
- not an incredible amount of naturalism
- gestures very curved – a very poetic use of line
- the mural of Buddhisavha
overy gracefully divine, while still being human
- Minoan art
oColours lean towards the primary colours
Bull Jumping” – painting from the palace of Knose
2
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