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Lecture 4

ENGL 153 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Okanagan Lake, The Communist Manifesto

Course Code
ENGL 153
Lisa Grekul

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September 18, 2017
Literary Theory: Feat. Jane Eyre
1. Pre-critical work
Laying the foundation
Geographical location
Why do these characters behave the way they do? (Motivation)
What does the text tell us about its time and place?
2. Historical-Biographical Approach
Looks for connection between the author and the text
OR looks for connection between time period and the text
History explains behaviour in text
Descriptive (not argumentative)
3. Psychoanalytical Approach
Freud: Motivation is driven by deep desires
How the characters think and what their motivations are
Analyze deeper
Not always accurate
Generates argument
4. Feminist/Gender Studies Approach
Marginalization of women
Men are “superior”
Patriarch = male
Maleness as a position of privilege and power
Highly politicized mode of interpretation
“Domestic space will be women's space”
Does Jane actually love Rochester? Or was she smart in thinking that she just needed the
man to get somewhere in life
5. Marxist Approach
Karl Marx
Father of socialism
Writer of the Communist Manifesto
First to invite individuals to think about socioeconomic inequalities and social classes and
how it effects us
Saw capitalist system as highly problematic and in need of dismantling
Jane wanted nothing more than to get out of her poor social class
All of her problems would be solved if she were only to have wealth
6. Postcolonial Approach
Postcolonial: Focusing on how colonialism and imperialism (hand in hand) are present in a
text and how they influence the narrative (characters, how they act, etc…)
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