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Lecture 2

ARTH 120 Lecture 2: AH Lecture W2

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Art History
ARTH 120
Katherine Romba

Mackenzie Gregson [email protected] Lecture : Week 2 ART HISTORY Trenz Pruca Ancient Mesopotamia - Mostly modern Iraq an area wide and flat and at this point Company Name was a land for farming 2016-09-20 - This fertile land was settled by the first agricultural cultures that we know of - Because of their great success of farming in this area they had a surplus of food, this meant that not everyone had to farm all day, which led to a hieratic society Ancient Sumer : Cylinder seal of priest-king feeding sacred sheep ca 3,300 BCE - What it shows is a priest tending to the sheep and feeding them - What this shows is the type of hierarchy where the priest king gave land to farmers the food would then go back to the priest and then be distributed throughout the community - You would decorate your seals on the jars of food to indicate who's food it was at a point of time where storing food was a luxury Babylonian deed of sale, written in cuneiform ca 1750 BCE - The first forms of writings Gilgamesh - one of the first poems/stories written on stone tablets Remains of the “White Temple” on its ziggurat ca 3500-3000 BCE Uruk Iraq - these remains are thought to be the temple mentioned in Gilgamesh - It is a magnificent structure of architecture (that Gilgamesh constructed) - However even when we have texts from the time and place they can still be very difficult to interpret Statues from Abu Temple, Tell Asmar ca 2700-2500 BCE - There are no specific texts linked to these specific statues - The guess is thatchy are worshipers of the temple Royal Standard or Ur ca 2600 BCE - Thought to be part of a musical instrument in the shape of a box to amplify sound - It belonged to a culture that believed in death and life after death - The box is made of inlay stones which shows master craft-ship and a rich sense of materials - The box shows a hieratic scale Akkad Head of an Akkadian ruler, ca 2250-2200 BCE - By creating the statue as symmetrical he seems more eternal - It is very detailed with many lines to show the togetherness and appearance of this king - The medium is bronze and it is much more difficult to cast bronze than to carve something in stone or marble - Bronze is also what you make weapons out of , so to have a statue made out of bronze it shows the strength of the culture Neo-Sumerian revival - Great Ziggurat of King Urnammu , Ur ca 2100 BCE - The temple itself would be giant the base alone was 50ft tall - It was a giant stage of religious and political right - The vertical intrusions have no significance other than visual aspects of making the temple seem even larger and grand Babylonian Dynasty Stele with the Law Code of Hammurabi ca 1760 BCE - This is the first written law code - Made of diorite a very precious and hard stone and difficult to carve - Hammurabi stands on top with the sun god who is shown giving him the right to rule Assyrian Dynasties - Reconstruction of the Citadel of Sargon II,
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