Class Notes (834,149)
Canada (508,378)
Art History (339)
ARTH 215 (33)
Lecture 9

ARTH 215 Lecture 9: Week 3 Lectures
Premium

6 Pages
61 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Art History
Course
ARTH 215
Professor
Una D' Elia
Semester
Winter

Description
January 24 Week 3 Lecture 1 Pope Julius II Pope Julius II - Rome was economically depressed - Low population - Lots of farm land - Elected by college of Cardinals - Hailed as a military ruler - Compared in visual to Julius Caesar - Wanted to be shown with a sword on his tomb o The coming together of having military ambitions and being a spiritual leader o Some complained about this dual contrasting role Donato Bramante (1444-1514) - Was in Milan with Leonardo before he came to Rome - Came to Rome at 54 - Architect - Tempietto, San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502-after 1511 o Tempietto means little church!!! o Commissioned by King and Queen of Spain – Ferdinand and Isabella ▪ F and I famous for being the architects of the new Spain, “Reconquista” o Round temples surrounded by columns were common in classical antiquity o Ancient domes would have been lower; this one is raised up on cylinder (drum) o Reconstructed ancient form in a way that was wrong ▪ Added extra story, taller, thinner ▪ Renaissance proportions o Tempietto drum and dome ▪ Drum raises up the dome ▪ Tall, high, elegant profile ▪ Doric columns • Simple, most masculine • Smooth columns - Tempietto, as illustrated as a model (among classical buildings), Serlio, 1545 Cortile del Belvedere, Rome construction began 1505 - Grand, controlled terraces showed mastery over landscape - Theatrical stage set for papal ceremonies - Actual theatre built here for performances as well as ramps staircases, and long views out over the landscape which showed the domination over nature and clearly, metaphorically Julius’s dominating power - Imperial monument made for grandiose spectacles Sanctuary of Fortuna Primengenia, 1 C BCE - Place to hold classical dramas - Military events and jousts January 24 - Vistas showing power Old Saint Peters (4 Century CE) - Rebuilding of the church of St Peters - Not completed within the 10 years of his reign - Problematic o Old was hallowed by tradition; the people who had stood there; the saints that had walked and touched the stones – building was a relic o Considered a scandal o Walls were caving in o Very small -- didn’t match his ambitions - Latin cross church - Built on Peter’s bones Plans for St. Peter’s, Rome (overlaid on the plan for old St. Peter’s), 1506 - Much bigger - High altar still needed to be in the center; over Peter’s bones Cardosso, Medal with Bramante’s Plan for Saint Peter’s, Rome 1506 - Plan for St. Peter’s - A monument to be seen from afar - Imposing grandeur of the church/Papacy as Rome reborn - Classical building with towers supporting giant domes risen up Basilica of Maxentius, 307-312 CE - Massive buildings Interior of St. Peter’s Rome, begun by Bramante 1506 - Sheer sense of scale - Gigantic arches still visible Raphael (1483-1520) - Very famous 16 -19 C th Self Portrait, oil on panel, ca. 1505 - Called less inventive than Leonard and Michelangelo - Easy, graceful, witty, urbane Madonna of the Meadows, oil on panel 1505 - Early in his career - Pre-Rome  Comparison: Leonardo Madonna on the Rocks - Similarities o Poses of St. John the Baptist o Inclination of Virgin’s head o Softness January 24 o Twisting forms within a landscape o Imitation as a form of flattery? - Differences o Imitation as a form of criticism o Raphael sought to outdo Leonardo o Clearer, softer, brighter, larger o Domestic countryside o Greater monumentality and breadth o Take up space and dominate over the landscape - Leonardo later copied Raphael to work towards an even greater monumentality (Madonna’s foot) Stanza della Segnatura - Pope Julius’s private library - Later used for the signing of official documents - Small room  Raphael, School of Athens, fresco, 1510-11 - Title given in 18 century - Better title: philosophy o One of the subjects of knowledge - Pythagoras o Kneeling on floor o Demonstrating as old and young crowd o Animated sense of teaching/learning/passing on knowledge - Euclid o Features of Bramante o Arm down and around towards the floor o Grand gesture to make the demonstration - Most figures planned out - Overlapping forms in plaster; can see how some were added in the end - Michelangelo as Heraclitus  Raphael, Dispute, fresco, 1510-11 - Christ in the clouds flanked by the saints - Below on Earth: an altar, consecrated host (wafer), theologians of all ages around o Discussing the nature of mass and the communion wafer o How does the wafer become the body of Christ? One of the biggest mysteries of the church - Figures turn to each other in g
More Less

Related notes for ARTH 215

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit