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Lecture 8

ARTH 215 Lecture 8: Week 4 Lecture 1

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Art History
ARTH 215
Una D' Elia

Moses • Old man long beard • But also physically powerful • Why does Moses have horns? – mistranslation • Inspired this figure with animation • Twisting and pulling his beard to the side • Twisting hid head • Every muscle tense Bound Slave “Dying Slave” for the tomb of Pope Julius • Prop is a monkey • Arts were enslaved with the art of Julius • Art could not be as strong • Monkey signifies the arts – because they copy things • Overblown rhetoric • Both based on ancient figures • Struggling bound slave • Notice the conspicuous nudity, presence of what were planned to be several young male figures without Christian background – on a tomb in a church • Very sensual • Something overtly sexual • Pagan and Christian sources Marked Julius’ death – seen as a memorial yet not associated with his tomb Raphael, The Sistine Madonna • Altarpiece • Saints on sides • Mary with the baby Jesus • St. Sixtus – patron saint of Julius – shown here with features of Julius with the papal crown • Painting is about death • St. Barbara – patron saint of the hour of death • Idea of heaven made of clouds • Before heaven had been shown as bejeweled architecture • Clouds have to do with apparition – a vision of something divine that you cant quite grasp • A moment of revelation – we get a vision of this world that we cannot quite understand – nothing with an earthly analog • New profound way of thinking about the afterlife Raphael, Pope Julius II • More tender and intimate Julius • Painted him this way because of court ceremony • Tough the way he holds the arms of the chair • Acorns on posts of the chair • Determination Compared to Portrait of Pope Leo • Both seated • Brought up to be a connoisseur • Thought of himself as Augustus – bringing of peace and plenty • Decadent court • Conjunction between book, hand and magnify glass – suggest meticulous manner and connoisseurship Competing with Michelangelo’s ceiling above • Tapestries installed, Sistine Chapel • Sent to northern Europe to the greatest workshops and they are meticulously made • Only things kings can afford • Works of craftsmanship • Works of artistry too • Raphael made the designs • Leo competing with Julius • Raphael competing with Michelangelo on the ceiling • Made extraordinary cartoons for these (preparatory drawing that is the same size as the final product) • Cartoons for tapestry needed to be full coloured paintings on paper – water based medium • Cartoons sent to northern Europe Miraculous Draught of Fishes – tapestry and watercolor cartoon • Tapestries praised for looking like paintings • In the process images are flipped due to weaving • Fragile in terms of light exposure • Cartoons are miraculously preserved in their freshness and colours St. Peter’s healing the Lame Man, watercolor cartoon • Can identify St. Peter because he wears blue and yellow • In some ways Raphael is thinking about the Sistine Ceiling – Michelangelo chose more massive and substantial figures • Instead of an elegant twisting figure – gives Peter a blunt directness • Simple standing figure, simple gesture of his arm and a voluminous cloak • More blunt and direct style • Elaborate architecture of columns and shadowy recesses in behind • Dark shimmery atmospheric space lit by torches • Extraordinary architecture – spiraling twisted columns • Preserved in St. Peter’s these kinds of columns that were thought to come from the original column of Solomon in Jerusalem • Trying to be archeologically correct – something that did not interest Michelangelo • Conveys a sense of complexity and animation • Trying to display what he can do that Michelangelo cannot Text written in this period called Dolce Aretino • Raphael can paint anything • Making claims like this for himself in the tapestry How could he outdo Michelangelo? Competition between them • Here the altarpieces become pure art – an artistic testament Transfiguration • Two moments • Apostles below trying to heal the possessed boy • On the mountaintop – Christ’s divinity his manifested • Moses and Elijah appear on either side of Jesus • Raphael won • Contrast between the two scenes • Possessed boy twisting – not graceful and looking awkward • Hugely saturated colours • Clouds signify revelation
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