Class Notes (834,991)
Canada (508,850)
Art History (339)
ARTH 375 (3)
Lecture

ARTH 375 Jan 29 2013.docx

9 Pages
141 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Art History
Course
ARTH 375
Professor
Ron Spronk Allcorrect
Semester
Winter

Description
Jan 29, 2012 -Jan Van Eyck> “King of Painters” -reputation big early on> 16th centurt called king of painters -born around 1390 (?) -probably from Maaseik (from his name)> Belgium, close to German and Holland border -painters very mobile> went to where their opportunities were Portrait of Cardinal Niccolo Albergati, 1431 > in Vienna >underdrawing we see description of notes of local dialect of Maaseik -he had a daughter> entered monastery in Maaseik *circumstancial evidence that he is from there -siblings: 2 bros and sister >Hubert van Eyck started Ghent Alterpiece; known as best painter ever by time he died; no attribution to him beside Ghent Altarpiece >Lambert> know very little, painter in Bergudian court, helped settle Jan‟s estate after his dead; number of paintings similar to Jan so we assume the workshop continued in 1440‟s under Lambert with Jan‟s widow -Barthelemy d‟Eyck (?) > unsure if related to Jan; “master of shadows” illuminator Three Maries at the Tomb, 1426> attributed to Hubert -after Christ has risen from his tomb -angel tells the Maries that Christ has risen from the dead -landscape curious: left blocked off by rocks, golden rays -composition: seen as if we‟re on the right >may be the right part of a continuing altarpiece -dendrochronology> suggests that it could have been done before 1426 (unsure, just possibility) -some attribute it the Jan van Eyck> relating it to the Ghent Altarpiece >but unsure who painted it, questionmarkcs -Possibility that Jan trained in Hubert‟s workshop *dates we do know -1422-25 Jan gets money from County of Holland -1424> listed as court poainter of count of Holland (John of Bavaria). He and his painters paid for decorations and wall paintings at Binnenhof -1425 John of Bavaria suddenly dies> Jan is out of a job -later 1425 enters the service of Philip the good (Duke of Burgundy) -possibility that he and Hubert worked together between the months of John of Bavaria‟s death and when he went to work with Philip the Good >explain why their paintings so similar Philip the Good (1396-1467) -Valois Dynasty -Son of John the Fearless; Grandson of Philip the Bold -During his reign, Burgudy reaches its height of its prosperity; commissions many artworks; becomes leading center of the arts Jan becomes a „Valet de Chambre‟ for Philip> salary, pension; painter but also a diplomat >went on secret missions as envoy for the duke between 1426-1429 and again in 1436 -goal of one jouney to negotiate the 3rd marriage of Pjilip to Isabella of Portugal who he painted twice on canvas (Philip could see her_ -he may have gone to the Holy Land >important bc those who went to Holy Land would leave from Venic >thus if did so we know he may have Italian influence -Ghent Altarpiece open to public on May 6, 1432 -makes morgages paymets 1432 onwards -marries „demoiselle‟ Margarete in 1433> suggests she may be lower nobility >suggests Jan‟s important status, he lifted status of painters -first child 1435> godfather is Philip the Good >points Jan‟s high status at court of Philip -1435 his annual salary is converted to a lifelong pension> Philip wants to make sure to keep him in his service, doesn‟t want to lose him >treasurer protests bc thinks its too high, Philip insists that they pay him -same year Treaty of Arras>peace treaty between France, England and Burgundy. Cardinal Albergati was there as well -Jan documented as almost an art dealer or intermediate between Philp the Good and other artists -when he dies in 1441 his widow received considerable high pension> unusual for artists at the time -widows and bro con‟t workshop The Early Years: -1418-1425> John III is Duke of Baravaria is the count of Holland and Zeeland; before this he was a Prince Bishop of Liege >how he may have come to know Jan‟s work -few traces of early work in The Hague have survived -John III owned part of Tres Belles Heures de Notre-Dame come to be known as Turin-Milan hours -some illuminations are attributed to Hubert and/or van Eyck Turin-Milan Hours -manuscript -John III owned part of it (2 sections)> missal and prayer book section >how came to be known as book of hours >Turin library burned down and destroyed in 1904> only black and white photos exist >Missal ended up in Milan, as the Milan Hours >ended up being bought by Turin National Library: Turin-Milan Hours - Master G of the Turin-Milan Hours> generally accepted that „G‟ is Jan Master G, The Birth of St John , Turin-Milan Hours (missal) >tiny >interior scene is precursor of 17th c genre scenes> all sorts of litte things happening, common household ex. Dog and cat fighting -same page, under image is another scene: the baptism of Christ by Saint John the Baptist >detail is 6cm high >increadibly detailed and skilled: refeltion of sun on water, see movement of water, see Holy Spirit coming Mass of the Dead -perspective based on observations rather than mathematical one (several points of perspective) >important to compare this one to jan van eyck, Madonna of the church bc very similar interior of the church -debate bc someone dates this after the Ghent Altarpiece, whereas other date it in the 20s. Some don‟t even think is Jan *for test: give Snyder date OR c. 20s-30s debate! Crucifiction and Last Judgement -the illuminations from “Hand G” have been critical in the attributions of other unsigned, updated works of Hubert and/or Jan Eyck that are thought to be early >remains lots of debate -left panel: crucifiction -right: last judgement >little different bc hell shown at the bottom, ususally shown in right corner with heaven at the left >basic narrative but perculiar to have hell in lower zone -they are transferred from panel, but somepoint transferred onto a canvas >shave off wood under bottom layer and glue canavas onto the back >texture of surface forever changed >can no longer do dendrochronology> not know earliest date -his it Jan or Hubert? Are they unrelated? Before of after Ghent altarpiece -Snyder says its Jan van Eyck> dates in 1430 >Elizabth Dhannens says its not him, another painter from Ghent, lots of active illuminators >Borchert says 1440 and Jan and his workshop >Chatelet says Last Judgement is Hubert and dates 1418, Crucufuxtion is Jan around same date *all very different from scholars -all these authors follow Eichberg in these panels were a diptych. Prof things wings of a Triptych Back to Jan van Eyck -lost compositions> look at copies Man with a Carnation, 1480 -Family of John of Bavaria supported the Order of St Anthony -sitter wears the order‟s insignia “T‟ shaped Tau cross with bell >people who suffered from bad diseases had bell to warn everyone off -people believe copy Fishing Party, 16th c -copy of Jan is generally believed -Huge early reputation> 16th century he was “king of painters” >even in 15th c had great reputation >mentioned in Vasari in 1550 as being inveter of oil paint (not true) >other early sources -we have signed and dated works> generally accepted -number of unsigned, not dated works (lost frames where inscriptions made) but also generally inscripted Ghent Altarpiece, 1432 Portrait of a Young Man, 1432 -same kind of hat as seen in his self portrait> „cheperon‟ which evolved from a hooded cape. The cape part is „patte‟ the round part of the forehead is the „bourrelet‟. Hanging down from the side of the „cornette‟ -history dress imp to dating paintings (viceversa) - “Then God” is inscription at bottom; also “done on Oct 1432 by Jan van Eyck” -don‟t know who this is -thought to be a musician but no notes in his paper so not convincing portrait of a man (self portrait), 1433 -inscription at top in greek letters but in dutch -also dates it -frame is rare construction, mix of intergral frame and an applied frame >horizontal part are separate pieced of wood> note the 6 pins that hold -background not original> la
More Less

Related notes for ARTH 375

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit