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BIOL 103 (255)
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Department
Biology
Course
BIOL 103
Professor
Sidney Eve Matrix
Semester
Fall

Description
 Family studies provide some evidence that these are clustered to schizophrenia  Schizotypal personality disorder people have deficits in cognitive and neuropsychological functioning (similar to schizophrenia)  Schizoptypal people have enlarged ventricles and less temporal-lobe grey matter Dramatic/Erratic Cluster  They have a wide variety of symptoms  inflated self-esteem  exaggerated emotional display & antisocial behaviour Borderline Personality Disorder  Impulsivity and instability in relationships, mood and self image  Emotions are erratic and can shift abruptly, from passionate idealizations to contemptuous anger  They are argumentive, irritable, sarcastic, quick to take offence and very hard to live with  Unpredictable/impulsive behaviour  gambling, spending, indiscriminate sexual activity and eating sprees (potentially self damaging)  They have not developed a clear and coherent sense of self and remain uncertain about their values, loyalties and career choices  Cannot bear to be alone, have fears of abandonment, and demand attention  May have feelings of depression and emptiness and often attempt suicide and self mutilating behaviour  Most who kill themselves are females  Originally borderline personality was meant for a personality between neurosis and schizophrenia  Begins early adulthood  Prevalence 1-2% & more common in women  Co-occur with Axis 1 mood disorders, substance abuse, PTSD, eating disorders and odd/eccentric cluster Etiology of Borderline Personality Disorder  Object-relations theory o Concerned with the way children incorporate (or introject) the values and images of important people, such as their parents  they manner which children identify with people whom they have strong emotional attachments o They hypothesize that people react to their world through the perspectives of people from their past, primarily their parents (this sometimes conflict with their own wishes) o These patients are in touch with reality but frequently engage in a defence mechanism called splitting (dichotomizing objects into all good or all bad and failing to integrate positive and negative aspects of another person or the self into a whole)  they see the world in black and white terms o This defence protects the patients weak ego from intoler
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