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BIOL 110 (104)


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Queen's University
BIOL 110
Gordon Dueck

 were the control parents. The parents of eating disorder kids did lack some communication skills however such as the ability to request clarification of vague statements  Found that the students attitudes and beh were tied more closely to perceived parental characteristics (criticism from parents) than to actual parental characteristics Child abuse and eating disorders  Self reports of childhood sexual abuse are higher than normal among patients with eating disorders especially those with BN  25% of women with eating disorders reported the experience of previous sexual abuse; it also correlated a history of sexual abuse with greater psychological disturbances  Confirmed that bulimic women, relative to normal eaters, had higher levels of childhood abuse and that the presence and severity of abuse predicted more extreme psychopathology  Some data indicate that reports of abuse may be created in therapy, it is notable that high rates of sexual abuse have been found among ppl with eating disorders who have not been in treatment as well as those who have  However high rates of childhood sexual abuse are found among ppl in many diagnostic categories, so if it okays some role it is not highly specific to eating disorders Personality and eating disorders  Eating disorder itself can affect personality  Supports the idea that the personality of patients with eating disorders particularly those with anorexia is affected by their weight loss  Study- men lost 25% of their body weight. They soon became preoccupied with food. They also reported increased fatigue, poor concentration, lack of sexual interest, irritability, moodiness, and insomnia. Four became depressed and one developed bipolar disorder. This research shows how severe restriction of food intake can have powerful effects on personality and behaviour  Collected retrospective reports of personality before the onset of an eating disorder. This research described patients with anorexia having been perfectionist, shy and compliant before the onset of the disorder.  It described patients with bulimia as having the additional characteristics of histrionic features, affective instability and an outgoing social disposition  Retrospective reports in which a patient and his or her family recall what the person was like before diagnosis can be inaccurate and biased by awareness of the patients current problem  Both patients with anorexia and patients with bulimia are high in neuroticism and anxiety and low in self esteem. The role of neuroticism as a long-term predictor of anorexia was also confirmed in a recent twin study.  Patients with AN or BN also score high on a measure of traditionalism, indicating strong endorsement of family and social standards  Narcissists are characterized by an excessive focus on the self and a heightened sense of self importance and grandiosity.  These indiv are believed to be overcompensating for a fragile sense of self esteem however and they are highly sensitive and reactive to criticisms.  Pathological narcissism at extreme levels can take the form of a narcissists personality disorder  Have shown that AN and BN patients are characterized by high levels of narcissism that persist even when the eating disorder is in remission  Perfectionism is believed to be highly relevant to an understanding of eating disorder. Confirmed that perfectionism is elevated in indiv with eating disorders. The EDI perfectionism subscale provides a single global measure of perfectionism. Have found that perfectionism construct is multidimensional and this was even demonstrated by a reanalysis of the EDI items that showed the perfectionism subscale actually consisted of two factors reflecting self standards and external pressures imposed on the self  Created a multidimensional perfectionism scales that assess six dimensions: concern over mistake, high personal standards, doubts about actions, organization, high parental expectations, and high parents criticism  Meanwhile in Canada another multidimensional perfectionism scale that assess self oriented
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