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Lesson 12 Mississauga peoples and Lessons from the Elders, living sustainably.pdf

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BIOL 319
Dale Kristensen

Week 12Lesson 1 Ethnobotany in the Kingston Region The Missassaugas Lesson ObjectivesDescribe how the ecology and climate of the GreatLakesSt Lawrence Valley shaped the availability and use of plants by the MississaugaProvide examples of the various roles that plants and plant derived products played in Mississauga cultureDescribe the importance of intertribal trade in plant materials to the Mississaugas and by extension other First Nations peoplesSubtribe of the AnishnaabeLesson will look at important elements from previous lectures including the 5 categories of plant usefood shelter material goods medicines and applications in spiritual ritual look at the preEuropean ecology of the region and the inuence this had on the availability and use of plants The Ecology of the Lower GreatLakes Basin and St Lawrence Valley prior to European contactVast stands of mature deciduous and mixed wood species white pine hemlock maple birch ash oak etc Most of these stands were later cleared by white settlers for farming Mississaugas were mostly HG but also shed and tended to small gardens beans corn and squashthe wetlands lakes and rivers of this region provided the natural resources needed for survival Climate cool temperate zone cool winters and warm summers with abundant rainfallGrowing season midMaylate September average temperature2022C but can climb to the 30s winter 2 8C but can dip to as low as 40CFood PlantsSupplemented game with plant foods that could be collectedWhere settlements were more permanent and conditions allowed small gardens of corn beans and squash were planted The gathering of wild plant species provided the diversity and extra calories needed for survival Protein sources to supplement game and which could be collected and stored over winter nuts ie American Beech Shagbark Hickory Oak Hazelnut Butternut WalnutCarbohydrate sources bread gruel and meal made from corn our from wild plantsbulk of the carbohydrate portion of the diet Flour and gruelmade from the seeds of certain high yield grasses ie Reed grass Wild rice or by grinding the starchy underground tubers of Arrowhead and Ground NutInner bark of certain trees could be used as a source Ie Sweet and Yellow Birchpeeled off and ground into our
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