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November 20, 2012- Theatre.docx

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Classical Studies
CLST 100
Christina Zaccagnino

Theatre  Drama- tragedy and comedy (Greek)  Great Dionysia was held in march; consisted of tragedy, comedy, and the dithyramb (hymn) was performed in honour of Dionysus  Rural dionysia  Lenaia was held in January and was only comedy  Festivals, in honor of the Gods, held in March.  March corresponds to the beginning to the sailing season.  Anyone in Athens could go to the theater to watch performances.  Ancient theater- tragedies and comedies were performed only once. Only one exception where a performance was performed twice**  Performances in the countryside (rural) – only comedies were performed and only citizens of that countryside could attend the performances. Great dionysia (city dionysia)  The festival lasted 4 days.  Established by Peisistratus during the 6th century BCE  Celebrated by the whole federation of Attics states.  The organization of the festival is under the direction of the arkhlon eponymos.  Each tragedian had to submit 3 tragedies to the archon aponymos.  The tragedian has also to write a satyr-play  Each comic poets had to submit only one comedy.  When the archon eponymos had chosen, 3 tragic productions and 5 comic productions allocated to each khoregos, who had to pay for the musicians and chorus.  Productions were expensive, because at least each performance had 1500 workers, costumes, masks, stage, and scenes.  Theatron- theater (Greek)  “seeing place”  20,000 people could fit into the theater, e.g. theater dionysos eleutherios.  Prizes in drama contests: o 10 judges one from each tribe o Dramatist: wreath and money  Khoregos: allowed to erect a column in his own honor.  The people who produced the plays did not make a direct income, unless they won the contest and won money.  The only way of income was if they later sell copies of their play to those interested.  People stayed at the theater for around 10 hours, no intermissions.**  Only intermissions were between one tragedy and another.  If people were not happy they threw stones, and other liquids  Tragoidia (literally a song for the prize of a goat) tragedy.  3 actors, chorus of 12, then 15 persons stichomythia.  Themes mainly from mythology, but also
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