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September 11, 2012- Mycenaean Civilization.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 100
Christina Zaccagnino

Mycenaean Civilization Mycenaean introduced horses to Greece, fought battles in chariots arrive to battle on chariots but than get off to fight. Civilization of warriors and they conquered the island of Crete, and they started to have power not only in the Greek Peninsula, but the in whole island of Crete. 1290 BCE- Collapse of the Mycenaean Culture around this date the Greek Peninsula became poorer. No more beautiful expensive objects Hittites were Indo- European speaking Sea Peoples arrived directly from the Sea, and were attacking the Hittites and Egyptians. 100-750 BCE Dark Age  People stopped decorating vases with scenes and people, instead patterns became geometric.  During this period no document was written, the system of palaces was not working.  People are no longer able to import goods from other countries or have the same lifestyle as in the past. 430-420 BCE  Period of wealth started again.  They adapted the Phoenician alphabet. The war of Troy (Ilion): Legend and History We have:  Epics  Archaeological evidences  Records from the Hittite Empire and from Egypt Epics The Prior Event to Troy War Strife is not invited at the Wedding of Peleus and Thetis. Strife (Eris) is generally represented with wings on shoulders and feet so she can swiftly reach people. She threw a golden apple inscribed with the words For the Most Beautiful on the table. There were three goddesses who began to fight over the apple (Hera, Athena, and Aphrodite). Zeus than decided that the argument would be settled by Paris, who was the son of the King of Troy. Paris was also referred
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