Temples, Festivals and Cults
Athene Polias (the goddess of the city)
Generally all temples are directed towards the east, as this is where the sun
Most civic and sacred functions were under the patronage of the gods
o Boule (council of the city of Athens)
Apollon Patroios had a temple dedicated to him, as he protected the
Phratria (pl. Phratriai)
o Zeus Phratrios
o Athene Phratria
Religion was a very important matter in the lives of the Greeks
Some months were named after the most important festivals that occurred
within the specific month.
Most important festival for the city of Athens; everybody was allowed to
attend and participate in the festival
o Every 4 years from 566 BCE at the initiative of Peisistratos
o Every year
Occurred on Hekatombaion 28
Birthday of Athene
Athene was the daughter of Metis (goddess of wisdom and skill) and Zeus
Zeus was advised that any offspring he would have with Metis would be
more powerful than him, so he decided to swallow Metis, but she had already
conceived a child.
One day Zeus had a headache because Athene was ready to be born. Athene
came out of the head of Zeus and she was born fully armoured.