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CLST 101 (73)

Intro to Classics Week 10

3 Pages

Classical Studies
Course Code
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

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Week 10 Lecture Notes CLST101 2012 Alphabet - 800-750 BCE introduction of Greek alphabet (after the dark ages following the fall of Troy) - Each letter indicated by sign, not Mycenaean syllabic letters - Adapted vowels; before only consonants were written - Kept similar names from the Phoenician alphabet - Origin of “alphabet” comes from first two letters, alpha and beta Dialects - Attic – Ionic - Aeolic – Thesselian – Boetian - Arcadian – Cypriot - Doric/ North-West Greeks - Used some letters of the alphabet in different ways for different dialects - 403 B.C Athens adopted the ionic alphabet (used first in Miletos/Asia Minor) - By middle of 4 century BC, It became the common classical Greek Alphabet used by all Greeks - Wrote from right to left or left to right - Each line could be different than others – boustrophedon - Changed orientation of letters based on direction of writing Literature - First texts in Greek were texts of poetry/verses - “Nestors Cup” proof of widespread epics – has writing which references the Iliad in 8 century th B.C - Copies of epics preserved because they were heavily copied in schools - Written on papyrus, re-used in cartonnage (layers of papyrus and plaster) in mummification - Greek writing found in Egyptian cartonnage - Museum of Alexandria revised Greek literature – these are the versions we use today - Don’t have all texts due to fire at library of Alexandria - Sappho – 600 BCE most famous female poet, only fragments remain - “lesbian” comes from Sappho from Lesbos spent a lot of time with female companions, wrote love poetry, but no evidence of homosexuality Epic Cycle - Cupria = Lost epic poem about the origins of the war of Troy/ first events - First epic poems about supernatural vs. natural world (Iliad/odyssey – heroes behave as humans) - Supernatural: Anios’ daughters produced wine, oil, honey, grain at will; compelled to follow army to Troy to provide for them; refused, transformed into doves - Supernatural: Lynkeus, Echidna, Khimaira, Hydra – hybrid monsters - Myths explained phenomenon, but could be modified – had important role in society Week 10 Lecture Notes CLST101 2012 Philosophy - “Dedication to uncommon knowledge”; “love of wisdom” - First philosophers were from Miletos (Miletus) o City on coast of Asia Minor o Greek + Eastern culture
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