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Week 9 Classics Notes

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Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

Intro to Classics Week 9 2012 Athenian Empire - Greekness - Persian wars: 490 B.C. = Battle of Marathon - 480 B.C. = Battle of Salamis - 479 B.C. = Battle of Plataea - 480 B.C. – sack of the Acropolis - All city-states independently ruled, had different dialects of Greek, but united in greekness of common blood, language and religion Delian League 478/477 B.C. - Phoros = cash tribute (literally: burden) - Allies of Athens - Athens suspected of using money to rebuild Acropolis Sparta - Had no fleet - Had land army only Kleroukhoi = Cleruchs (Athenians living abroad) – did not lose political rights Apoikoi = Colonists – had no political/economic rights Aristophanes - Birds 414 B.C. - Corrupt Athenian political leaders 446 B.C. – island of Euboia revolted; had to take Oath of loyalty to Athens, rat out rebels, - If oath was not taken, citizens’ rights were confiscated, property confiscated and given to temple of Zeus - In Euboia Athens was in charge of exile, death, loss of rights; all other decisions made themselves 405 B.C. – decree celebrating Athenian-Samian co-operation Protection of Allies – decree concerning Macedonian city of Methone 424/423 B.C. - Protecting allies very important Athenian Imperialism in 4 century B.C. – refortification of Percieus 395/394 B.C. Athens- Sparta – Kinds Peace in 386 B.C. Intro to Classics Week 9 2012 378/377 B.C. – Second Athenian League formed; had more freedom to make own decisions within the league Suntaxeis – levying contributions  357-356 B.C.E – social war of allies  338 B.C.E Athenian confederacy ends  331 B.C.E. Alexander the Great defeats Dareios (king of Persia) at Guagamela – Alexander becomes new kind of Persia Athens at War  Good army; better navy  Performed a divination before battles  Armor: under quarras was linen dress  Helmet, bronze grieves for legs; round shield, spear  Ta Sphagia = blood sacrifice (animal)  Tropaion – turning point  Ravaging and plundering  Army managed by polemarches  From 370 B.C.E on, citizens received military trainind (during ma
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