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Lecture 6

Lecture Week 6

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Classical Studies
CLST 101

CLST 101 Week 6 Lecture Oct. 15,18/2012 - Athens Population: · Men, women, children, metics (resident aliens), slaves and freed slaves - Athenian citizens obligations · Athenian male citizens between 18 and 39 could expect to serve the army or the fleet almost every year · Male Athenians participated to the ekklesia (assembly) every 10 days · Each year 6000 males were drawn to serve as juror in popular courts - Athenians considered themselves Autochthonous* · *Descendants of Ion son of Apollo and the Athenian queen Kreousa · Athene and Erekhtheis (“Earthborn”)àsurrounded by snakes (snakes linked to the earth because of the way they travel) o Another representation of Athenians’ link to the earth and Athena - The Perikles’ citizenship law (451 BCE) · Only men who had both parents Athenians should qualify as citizens · “”Oikos”= household o everything a person owns (in/outside the house) is a part of the Oikos § The possessions don’t even have to be in the same city as the owner · “kurios”= male master · “kureia”=protection tutelage o kinship o slaves à [Aristotle] · means that it is uncertain whether he is truly the author when square brackets are used CLST 101 Week 6 Lecture Oct. 15,18/2012 · what was important to an Athenian man was how to maintain the household throughout generations o Women cannot inherit property or own property o In some cases where families only had girls, the family made the decision to adopt a young boy so that the property could stay in the family o Because mortality was very high, families had more than one child § The problem was when there were too many boys ú Because they had to share it § The problem with too many girls ú When marrying had to be given a dowry § Therefore, many children were left to die, when a family had to many children o “Epikleros”= heiress o “Kleros”= property · IF a daughter was married and without sons yet, they were asked to divorce and marry the nearest member of the family so that the property could stay in the family · In the woman had young children, ___ took care of the property until the children became proper age to care for it - Marriage · Purpose of marriage was the procreation of legitimate children o “Eggue”= betrothal § also means pledge, security · it was important for a master to protect the honour of all the females in the house (wives, mothers, daughters) · The fact that a man could have a son that wasn’t of his blood was a very serious concern CLST 101 Week 6 Lecture Oct. 15,18/2012 o Therefore women were
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