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Lecture 4

CLST; Week 2 Lecture 4 Romanization, 1st Triumvirate.docx

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Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

Week 2; Lecture 4 Romanization  not homogeneity; areas that were more Romanized than others, not Romanized in the same way, didn't go just in one way  Roman elites were very Hellanisized  aspects of Roman culture promoted, but they received much of their culture of others, so there was a cultural exchange with new peoples, started worshipping gods from different parts of their empire, specifically Egyptian gods, and provinces of Asia, worshipped by soldiers from area  spoke Latin language, official language of the Empire  Architecture/Urbanization was very important for Romanization, all cities started to have buildings for Assembly, local officials and the Forum  possible to have office in Rome, very proud that they were able to gain consulship  candidate in the area, first time candidate to have potential to gain consulship, supported by community in order to promote that area  people started moving from different areas of the Empire to very far areas  Regina: married a man from Palmyra, when she died, husband made decision to have monument on her grave made, Latin inscription, in broken Latin as it wasn't his mother tongue, dated in 2nd century AD, by that time, the empire was very large  What happened after social war, Republic, kind of king, emperor, how this happen? We see really ambitious people  Lucius Cornelius Sulla: fought during the social war, well known for being very brave and cruel and was excellent general, after war, wanted power. Political friends and enemies. He was sent to the east were there was a war, so he was far from Rome and his enemies made the decision to take over his power, not considering the fact that he was the leader of an army and especially because the army was made of people who came from different areas. Generally, the army was more loyal to the general than the government of Rome, the army was loyal to its general  this was an illegal act, a reaction against the government of Rome (?) he was successful at the beginning but he also understood it was better to have a compromise, and he agreed with one of his enemies had the consulship, he was sent out of Rome once again and was sent to Greece  same thing happened again. At that time, he came back, more successful, more power, all his army was with him  also, at that time, he was joined by some aristocrats: Pompey (Pompeius Magnus [the Great]), he was very young, but had a very strong personality. 2nd march on Rome, Sulla was made dictator, but he was appointed for a year, he also started to modify political institution, reduced number of members of the Senate, also granted his soldiers with land which was confiscated in Italy. So after a peri
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