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Lecture 13

CLST; Week 5 Lecture 13 Roman Army and Navy.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

The Army  Roman caligae (boots), leather, studs on the sole, needed for grip, marched for many hours  Named after the emperor, Caligula, soldiers amused by small child wearing tiny military boots, called caligae, meaning little boots Standard-bearer: wolf skin. Trajan's column. Image of emperor and closest family members, Reliefs of Legionary Eagle and Military Flag, eagle symbol of Empire, first given by Gaius M..?  Square flag  Cavalry men on side of the formation of Roman army, moved surrounding the enemy and trying to push the enemy in a specific direction Testudo (tortoise) Formation: protected from sides and on top, looks like a turtle shell  Also used engines, put them on chariots, moved towards enemy walls Cavalry  Important difference from what we've seen from Greeks  Had four-horned saddle, even not having ____, possible for cavalry men to stay without falling on back of their horses, could balance themselves, not easy, but these horns were enough to allow them to not fall  Cataphracti, typical of the East, completely covered with armour as were their horses  NOT ARCHERS Fortresses  When they moved from one place to another, needed a safe place to stay at night, were able to build marching-camp in short time, reconstruction based on Polybius' d
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