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CLST; September 19, 2011Religion and Gods.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

Monday, Sept 19, 2011 Chapter 3: Religion and Gods Polytheism: Greeks believed in more than one god Pantheon = All the gods Each major god is active in many diff. spheres Some gods had a local associations with places e.g. Athena associated with city of Athens Human acknowledgement Anything unusual or anomalous could be due to intervention of a divinity Gods behave like human beings: e.g. human emotions, empathy, rage, can seem sometimes evil Greeks believed that anything unexpected/unusual was because of the gods  Myths were not revealed scriptures of the truth -> different versions of the same myths. Depends on the period where they lived. Important to culture/society at that time  Bible, Quran couldn’t be rewritten while myths could be  No centralized religious authority  Male and female priests  Different traditions of worshipping Gods helped humans, choosing sides with their preferred heroes in war and battles Apollo in Iliad supports the Trojans, as he is the one who sends the plague on the Greeks Herodotus 5 century BCE: 2.53.1-2 Considered father of history in 5 century Hesiod and Homer… were ones who made theogany (birth of gods) for the Greeks and gave gods their names and distinguished their honours and skills and indicated their forms  Before Hesiod and Homer, Greeks did not know very much about their gods  Not completely the truth  First works in literature are works of Homer and Hesiod  They recounted about gods and wrote episodes of myths  Hesiod wrote theogany about birth of gods Muthos = myth/allegory/story Hesiod trying to explain experiences of human beings Hesiod, Theogany: v.116: Verily at the first Chaos [Void] came to be. Gaia (Earth) lay with Ouranos (Sky) had children, spec. Rhea and Kronos. Sons were called titans, Titanides Kronos, youngest son, Gaia knew one of their sons would over throw Ouranos Wife was upset and wanted to have her children free from whatever Ouranos was doing She made a sickle and gave it to Kronos (time), used sickle, killed off Ouranos, took power, became king of
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