Monday, October 03, 2011
Eleusinian Mysteries, GREAT MYSTERIES
Boedremion 14 (Sept 25 ), sacred objects moved to Athens, in Athenian Eleusinion. Ephebes
(epheboi youths 18 or 19) escorted sacred objects.
Beodremion 15 (26 ) people met in agora and invited to take part in mysteries, except ones who
couldn’t speak Greek, homicides and impure.
Delegations from other cities joining concession (Anthesteria), Eleusinian – everyone joined
3 day: initiates went to sea. People went to Phaleron, washed selves in sea, sacrificed a
piglet. (Same animal the used to sacrifice for purification)
Boed. 19 or 20 (Sept 30) after rituals, procession moved to Eleusis, bringing back sacred objects.
People followed procession, brough myrtle branches( bakkhoi), a walking stick and sack.
Procession led by Iakkhos. (personification of ritual cry) Arrived in Eleusis at night.
Important Vase: Kernos contained seeds and grains to offer to Demeter and Persephone
On following days, performed purification rituals, sacrifices and fasting, then the secret part of
Sanctuary of Eleusis – secret rituals held there, only priest and initiates to know what’s going on
Triptolemos: prince of Eleusis, left to teach peeps agriculture from what he learned from
Demeter, form of gratitude to his aid
Anthesteria: rites of passage, other one: community/city thing, Eleusinian:
Main festival of phratries: group people with common ancestor
Festival celebrated in all Ionian cities
At Athens was a state festiv